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Cosm - Ch 06 - Muscles (shorter version) 28 terms

striated musclevoluntary, controlled by will (raise hand to wave)
non-striated muscleinvoluntary, automatically function (move food through intestines)
cardiac muscleheart- involuntary
originpart of muscle that does NOT move
insertionpart of muscle at the more MOVABLE attachment
bellymiddle of muscle
occipitalismuscle that draws the scalp BACKWARD
frontalisriases the eyebrows, draws the scalp FORWARD 7 causes wrinkles
aponeurosisTENDON that connects occipitalis & frontalis
auricularis superiorABOVE the ear; draws ear upward
auricularis anteriorin FRONT of ear; draws ear forward
auricularis posteriorBEHIND ear; draws ear backward
platysmaaids in lowering the lower JAW and lip
sternocleidomastoideusaids in lowering and rotating HEAD
orbicularis oculiring muscle of the eye socket; enables eyes to close
buccinatorthin flat muscle of cheek between upper & lower jaw (WHISTLING)
orbicularis orispuckers lips (KISSING)
risoriuscorners of mouth (GRINNING)
triangularispulls down corners of mouth (FROWN)
zygomaticusextends from zygomatic bone to elevate lip (LAUGHING)
3 muscles of shoulder & armbiceps, deltoids, triceps
extensorsstraighten the wrist, hand, & fingers
flexorsbending the wrist
pronatorsturn hand inward palm-down
supinatorrotates radius outward & palm upward
abductorsseparate fingers
adductorsbring fingers together
opponentpulls THUMB toward fingers

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