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In Catilinam 1 vocabulary

Test your knowledge of the 850+ words in Cicero's In Catilinam 1. Go to CW's language page (opens a new window).

AB
acerbusbitter
aegerill
aequusequal; fair
aeternuseverlasting
alienusanother's
amicusfriendly
amplusample; abundant; distinguished
antiquusancient
argenteussilver
bonusgood
carusdear
certuscertain; fixed
clarusillustrious
contentussatisfied
cunctusall
dexterright
dignusworthy
dissolutusremiss
domesticusprivate
falsusuntrue; false
firmusstrong
funestusdeadly
furiosusmad
geliduscold
honestusrespected; distinguished
imperitus or inperitusinexperienced
impiusgodless
importunus or inportunusunsuitable; harsh
improbus or inprobuswicked; shameful
impunitus or inpunitusunpunished
infestushostile; dangerous
inimicushostile
intestinusinternal
iucunduspleasant
iustusjust
liberfree
magnusgreat
malusbad
maximusgreatest
mortuusdead
multusmuch
necessariusindispensable; relative; close friend
nefariuswicked; unspeakably bad
nocturnusat night
nouusnew
nudusnaked; bare
nullusnone; not any
obscurusunknown
offensusodious; hateful
optimus also optumusbest
otiosusat leisure
paruussmall
paucusfew
pauluslittle
perniciosusdestructive; dangerous
perpetuuscontinuous
plurimusmost
praeclarusdistinguished; famous
primusfirst
priuatusprivate
propriusone's own
proximusnearest; next
publicuspublic
quantushow much
reliquusremaining
sacersacred
sanctussacred; holy
sceleratuswicked; criminal
singuliseparate; single
sociusally
stultusstupid
summushighest
taeterfoul
tantusso much
uerustrue; real
uicesimustwentieth
uiuusalive
ullusanyone
uniuersuswhole
urbanusof the city
acerkeen
atroxsavage
breuisshort
clemensmerciful
communisshared
consularisconsular; ex-consul; man of consular rank
crudeliscruel
diligenscareful
grauisheavy
horribilisterrible
immortalis or inmortalisdeathless
inanisempty
incredibilisunbelievable
lenisgentle
minorless
mollissoft
Nouember or Nouembrisof November
omnisall; every; every kind of
optimas also optumasbest; (in pl. subst.) the aristocratic party
particepssharing in
princepschief
priorearlier
recensrecent; fresh
sagaxshrewd
similissimilar (to)
sodaliscompanion
superiorhigher; previous
uehemensvigorous
uetusold
uilischeap; worthless
utilisuseful
compluresvery many
necessenecessary
totusall; whole
adeothis far
adhucup to this point; yet
aliquandoat some point in time
aliquotsome; several
aperteopenly
certeto be sure
confestimimmediately
cotidiedaily
crudelitercruelly
diligentercarefully
diufor a long time
diutiuslonger
duduma short time ago (iam dudum = 'now for a while')
facileeasily
fortasseperhaps
grauiterheavily
iamby this point in time
itaso; thus
longeat a distance
magismore
manein the morning
maximevery greatly
mediocritermoderately; slightly
nimistoo much
nimiumtoo much
nonnot
nondumnot yet
numquamnever
nuncnow
nuperrecently
obscuredarkly
paulisperfor a little while
penitusdeeply
persaepevery often
planeclearly; openly
posteaafterwards
potiusrather
pridemlong ago
pridieon the day before
propenear; nearly
quam (+ superl.)'as x as possible'
quam (rel.)how; as
quamdiuas long as
quarefor this reason
quondamat one point in time
quotienshow many times
quotienscumquehowsoever many times
rectadirectly
regietyrannically
saepeoften
satisenough
semperalways; ever
seriuslater
sicin this way
sicutjust as
simulat once
solumonly
tamsolitude
tamquamas though
tandemat last
totiensso many times
tumthen
tutoin safety; safely
ubiwhere
ubinamwhere on earth
ueretruly
ueroin truth
uerumbut
uixhardly
uixdumhardly yet
umquamever
unaat the same time; together
undiqueon all sides
usqueup to
contraagainst
postafter
utas; that (etc.)
antebefore
ne..quidemnot even
quam (conj.)than
acand
anor; whether
atbut
atqueand
autor
dumwhile
etiameven; also
etiamsi (or etiam si)although
nelest (etc.)
necnor
nequenor
nisiif not; unless; except
quamquamalthough
que (i.e. -que)and
quodsibut if
quoniambecause; since
quoquealso
sedbut
siif
sinbut if
tametsialthough
etand
meherculeby Hercules!
ooh!
parensparent
resthing
amentiamadness
aquawater
aquilaeagle
audaciarecklessness
causacause; reason; lawsuit
coloniacolony; settlement
conscientiaconsciousness
contumeliainvective
copiaabundance; (in pl.) troops
corruptelacorruption
curaanxiety; concern
curiathe Senate House
custodiaguard; (in pl.) sentinels
diligentiacare; thoroughness
disciplinatraining; knowledge
famareputation; rumour
fortunafortune; fate
frequentiaa crowd
fugaflight; exile
gloriaglory; fame
gratiagratitude; influence
horahour; season
ignominiadisgrace
illecebra or inlecebraallurement
inertiainactivity; laziness
iniuriawrong (in abl. 'wrongly')
inopianeed
insidiaeambush; plot
inuidiaodium; unpopularity
laetitiajoy
memoriamemory; recollection
misericordiapity
moradelay
naturanature
nequitiaworthlessness
notadistinguishing mark; mark (of disgrace)
nuptiaemarriage
parricidamurderer
patientiaendurance
patriafatherland
poenapenalty; punishment
portagate
praesentiapresence
querimoniacomplaint
ruinadownfall; collapse
scientiaknowledge
sententiaopinion; vote
sentinabilge-water
sicadagger
tabulapublic record (etc.)
tenebraedarkness
terraearth; land
uaginascabbard; sheath
uigiliawatching
uitalife
usurause; enjoyment
administerhelper
adulescentulusvery young man
animusmind; feeling; attitude
annusyear
armaweapons
auspiciumaugury
auusgrandfather
bellumwar
caelumsky; heaven
campusfield
castracamp (military)
comitiumplace of meeting
consiliumplan; counsel
consultumdecision; decree
detrimentumharm
deus (pl. di)god
exitiumdestruction
exsilium or exiliumexile
falcariussickle- or scythe-maker
ferrumiron
flagitiumwickedness; shameful deed
forumforum (Forum Aurelium: small town in Etruria)
gaudiumjoy
gladiussword
humusground
imperiumsupreme power or authority; empire
incendiumconflagration
iudiciumjudgment; trial; sentence
latrociniumhighway robbery; villany
lectulumbed
liberichildren
locusplace
malleolusfire-dart
maritushusband
modusway; measure
morbusillness; disease
muruswall
naufraguscastaway
numerusnumber
oculuseye
odiumhatred
otiumleisure; peace
pacto(in abl. only) way (lit. 'agreement')
parricidiummurder
periculumdanger
populuspeople
praesidiumdefence
sacrariumshrine
seruusslave
silentiumsilence
somnussleep
studiumpursuit
stuprumsexual immorality
subselliumbench
suppliciumpunishment
tectumhouse
telumweapon
templumshrine
tribunuslit. 'chief of a tribe'
uinculumchain
uirman
uitiumflaw; crime
adulescensyoung man
altariaaltar
auctoritasauthority; power; leadership
aurisear
caedesslaughter; murder
calamitasmisfortune
carcerprison
ciuiscitizen
ciuitasstate; country; constitution; citizenship
comescompanion
competitorcandidate
coniuratioconspiracy
coniuratorconspirator
consensiounanimity
consulconsul
corpusbody
cupiditasdesire
custosguardian
declinatiobend; turn away from
dedecusdisgrace
difficultashardship
direptiopillaging; plundering
dolorpain; grief
duxleader
equesequestrian
exsulexile
facinuscrime
faucesthroat
faxtorch
febrisfever
finisboundary
foedustreaty; alliance
friguscold
fronsforehead
furormadness
gensrace
gladiatorgladiator
homohuman being
hostisenemy
immanitas or inmanitasenormity
imperatorgeneral
iusright
laborlabour; hard work
latrobandit; robber
lauspraise; fame; reputation
lexlaw
lubido or libidolust
luxlight
maturitasfull growth
mensmind
moeniacity walls
molesmass
morsdeath
moscustom; (in pl.) character
nexslaughter
noxnight
omenomen
orbisworld
ordorank; order (freq. of The Senate)
osmouth; face
parieswall (of a house)
parspart
paterfather
pestisplague
petitioattack; request
plebsthe people
pontifexhigh priest
posteritasfuture generations
praetorpraetor
profectiodeparture
pudorsense of shame; modesty
quaestioinvestigation
ratioway; plan; account; reason
salussafety; health; preservation
sanguisblood
satellesattendant
sceluscrime
seditioinsurrection; mutiny
semenseed
sermotalk; conversation
seueritasstrictness
societasalliance
solitudosolitude
statorsupporter
stirpsroot
suspiciomistrust
taciturnitassilence
tempestasstorm
tempustime
timorfear
tribunaljudgment seat
turpitudodisgrace
uastitasdevastation; desolation
uexatiodistress
uirtuscourage; excellence
uisforce
uiscusinternal organs
uoluntaswill; wish
uoluptaspleasure
uoxvoice
urbscity (freq. 'Rome')
uxorwife
spontefree will
aduentusarrival
aestusheat; swell (of the sea)
aspectus or adspectussight
casuschance; accident
coetusmeeting; assembly
conatusattempt; effort
concursusgathering
consulatusconsulship
discessusdeparture
domushouse
impetusattack; assault
interitusdeath
iussusorder
manushand; an armed force
metusfear
senatusThe Senate
sensusfeeling
spiritusbreath; air
statusstate; position
tumultusuproar
uoltus or uultusface; looks
aciesline; edge
diesday
perniciesdestruction; ruin
speshope; expectation
duotwo
unusone
autemon the other hand; but
deindefrom that point
deniquefinally; at last
enimfor
etenimand indeed (cf. καὶ γάρ)
igiturtherefore
immoon the contrary
namfor
ne (i.e. -ne)(denotes question)
nonnesurely..?
quidemto be sure
tamennevertheless
uidelicetof course
utinam'would that'
numsurely not..?; whether
afrom; by
abfrom; by
absfrom; by
adto; towards
apudat the house of
dedown from; concerning
exout of; from
extrabeyond; outside
ininto or in
interbetween; among
intrawithin
obon account of
perthrough
propteron account of
sinewithout
cumwith; when (etc.)
aliquissomeone
aliusother
ecquis(is there anyone) who?
nemono one
nihilnothing
quidamcertain (indefinite)
quisquamanyone
quisqueeach
quisquiswhoever
quothow many
totso many
ceterusthe rest; other
AureliusAurelian
Ianuariusof January
Manlianusof Manlius
RomanusRoman
AhalaC. Seruilius
CatilinaL. Sergius
EtruriaEtruscan country
Italiafrom uitulus
Kalendaethe first day of every month
LaecaMarcus
Romafounded 753 B.C.
C.Gaius
FlaccusM. Fulvius
FuluiusFlaccus
GracchusTiberius or Gaius
L.Lucius
LepidusManius Aemelius
M.Marcus
M'.Manius
MaeliusSpurius
ManliusCatiline's general
Marcelluscos. 51 B.C.
Mariusconqueror of Jugurtha
MetellusQuintus or Marcus
Opimiuscos. 121 B.C.
P.Publius
Palatiumone of the Seven Hills
Praenesteancient city in Latium; now Palestrina
Q.Quintus
Romulusfounder of Rome
SaturninusL. Appuleius
SeruiliusAhala or Glaucia
Sestiustribune and friend of Cicero's
Sp.Spurius
Ti.Tiberius
TullusLucius Volcatius (cos. 66 B.C.)
ValeriusLucius
Scipioput Ti. Gracchus to death 133 B.C.
Idusthe 13th or 15th day of the month
Iuppiterson of Saturn
adflictoto throw down
adgregoto assemble
armoto arm
asseruo or adseruoto watch over
circumstoto stand around; surround
clamoto shout
cogitoto think; to devise
colloco or conlocoto set
comparoto prepare
concitoto stir up
condemnoto condemn
confirmoto strengthen; declare
confloto inflame
congregoto collect into a flock; to herd
conseruoto preserve
contaminoto stain; defile
conuocoto summon; convene
corroboroto strengthen
cumuloto heap
delectoto delight
demigroto depart
desideroto long for
designoto mark out
dissimuloto hide; conceal
doto give
dubitoto hesitate; to doubt
effrenoto unbridle
existimo or existumoto think
exsistoto be; to come into existence
exspecto or expectoto wait for; expect
exsulto or exultoto revel; run riot
firmoto strengthen
habitoto live
honestoto adorn with honour; dignify
iactoto throw
ignoroto not know
illustroto bring to light
illustro or inlustroto bring to light
imperoto order
impetroto obtain
increpoto make a noise
infitiorto deny; disown
inflammoto set on fire
initioto initiate (admit to secret rituals)
inuitoto invite; ask
iudicoto judge
labefactoto cause to totter
liberoto set free
mactoto punish
mandoto hand over; entrust
multoto punish
mutoto change
negoto deny; say that not
nominoto call by name
nototo mark; observe
obscuroto hide; conceal
obstoto oppose
occupoto seize
ostentoto show
paroto make ready; get together
placoto reconcile; calm
postuloto ask; demand
praedico 1to declare; proclaim
proboto approve of
purgoto purify
putoto think; suppose
redundoto overflow
releuoto lighten
remororto keep waiting
repudioto reject
reuocoto call back
rogoto ask
salutoto greet
seruoto preserve
stoto stand
tempto or tentoto test; attack
trucidoto slay
uastoto devastate; ruin
uexoto distress
uigiloto be watchful
uindicoto claim; avenge; punish
uitoto avoid
uocoto summon; call
uolnero or uulneroto wound
admirorto wonder at
arbitrorto think
bacchorto rave (like a Bacchant)
conorto attempt
deprecorto avert by prayer
detestorto avert by prayer
hortorto encourage; urge
insidiorto plot (against)
machinorto contrive; devise
meditorto contrive
obtempero or optemperoto obey
opinorto think
periclitorto risk; venture
praestolorto wait for
speculorto observe; examine
suspicorto be suspicious
uenerorto revere; worship
uersorto be engaged in
abhorreoto have no share in; to be contrary to
adhibeoto employ; use
arceoto ward off
careoto lack
coerceoto control; curb
commoueoto move
contineoto restrain
debeoto owe
deleoto wipe out
deuoueoto consecrate
exerceoto train
extorqueoto wrest from
habeoto have; hold
haereoto cling to; stick
iaceoto lie
immineo or inmineoto threaten
impendeo or inpendeoto hang over
iubeoto order
moueoto move
obsideoto occupy; lay siege
pateoto lie open; be exposed
permoueoto move deeply
perterreoto frighten throroughly
pertineoto pertain to; concern
placeoto please
remaneoto remain behind
resideoto remain behind
respondeoto answer; reply
sileoto be silent
studeoto be keen on; to favour
suadeoto advise
sustineoto support
taceoto be silent
teneoto hold
timeoto fear
ualeoto be strong
uideoto see
fateorto confess; admit
polliceorto promise
uereorto fear
licetit is permitted
oportetit is necessary
audeoto dare
adducoto lead towards
adferoto bring towards
adolescoto grow up
agnoscoto recognise
agoto do; lead; speak
aloto feed; support
animaduertoto notice; punish
assido or adsidoto sit down
attendoto turn towards; pay attention
biboto drink
cedoto yield; give way to
circumcludoto hem in ; beset
colligoto collect
committoto commit; perpetrate
comprehendoto arrest
comprimoto crush
concedoto withdraw; grant
concupiscoto desire
conferoto bring together
coniungoto join together
conscriboto enroll
constituoto appoint
constringoto bind; restrain
consuloto consult
contingoto happen
conuincoto prove wrong; convict
corrigoto improve
credoto believe; (as ironic parenthesis) I suppose
crescoto grow
decernoto decide; decree
defendoto defend
defigoto drive in; fix
deligoto choose
deponoto lay aside
derelinquoto abandon
desinoto cease
desistoto cease
dicosay
dimittoto send away
discedoto depart
discriboto distribute
distribuoto divide
ducoto lead
educoto lead out
elaborto slip away
eludoto mock
erumpoto burst forth
euertoto overthrow
excidoto fall out of
excludoto shut out
exstinguo or extinguoto quench
falloto deceive
feroto carry
frangoto break
hebescoto grow blunt
includoto enclose; confine
inducoto lead into
inferoto bring in
ingrauescoto grow heavier
inscriboto write on
intellegoto perceive; understand
intendoto intend
intercedoto intervene; come between
inuroto burn in; brand
iungoto join
metuoto fear
mittoto send
neglegoto neglect
occidoto kill; slay
omittoto pass over
opprimoto crush
paciscoto agree upon
perdoto destroy
perferoto bring; endure
perfringoto shatter
pergoto go on
permittoto entrust
pertimescoto fear; dread
petoto seek; attack
praedico 2to predict
praeferoto carry in front
praemittoto send ahead
praetermittoto make no mention of
quaesoto beg
quiescoto keep quiet
recognoscoto review
recondoto bury in
referoto bring back
relinquoto leave behind
repelloto drive back
reprimoto crush
secedoto withdraw
secernoto separate
seiungoto separate
sinoto allow
soleoto be accustomed to
statuoto determine
tolloto lift; take away
transferoto carry across
uiuoto live
abutorto abuse
assequor or adsequorto attain
loquorto speak
nanciscorto obtain
nascorto be born
obliuiscorto forget
perfruorto enjoy to the full
proficiscorto set out; depart
prosequorto accompany
sequorto follow
confidoto be confident that; trust
capioto take
conficioto destroy; weaken
conicioto throw together; direct
conspicioto look at
conuenioto meet; it is agreed
effugioto escape from
eicioto expel
eripioto take away
facioto make or do
interficioto put to death
parioto produce; get
patefacioto reveal
percipioto perceive; observe
perspicioto perceive; learn
proficioto gain
profugioto flee from
rapioto seize
recipioto receive
suscipioto undertake
uacueficioto make empty
egrediorto go out
emoriorto die
patiorto suffer; allow
audioto hear
comperioto ascertain
cupioto desire
custodioto guard
exaudioto hear clearly
exhaurioto drain out
interrogoto question
inuenioto find
irretio or inretioto ensnare; trap
nescioto not know
peruenioto arrive at; reach
reperioto find out
scioto know
sentioto think; feel
seruioto be a slave to
uenioto come
moliorto prepare; contrive
munioto fortify; defend
abeoto go away from
absumto be away from
aioto say
coepito begin
desumto fail; be wanting to
duint'may they give' (archaic form of do)
eoto go
exeoto go out
fioto become
ineoto enter
inquamto say
intersumto be between
maloto prefer
meminito remember
obeoto go towards; perform
odito hate
possumto be able
praesumto be present
praetereoto pass over
uoloto want

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