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BIO163 Chapter 4 Cellular Metabolism

AB
Takes place in the cytoplasm.Anaerobic Metabolism / Glycolysis
Takes place in the mitochondria.Aerobic Metabolism / Citric Acid Cycle
CatabolismBreaking down large molecules into smaller molecules.
AnabolismBuilding larger molecules from smaller molecules.
Sucrose + Water ----> Glucose + FructoseAnabolic Reaction
Protein ----> Amino Acids + WaterCatabolic Reaction
Enzymes are _______Substrate specific.
Process of a molecule gaining electronsReduction
Process of a molecule loosing electronsOxidation
The chemical end product of glycolysisPyruvic Acid
Function of enzymesReduces amount of energy for substrates to react.
Number of ATP molecules produced during glycolysis2
Number of ATP molecules produced during aerobic metabolism.34 - 36
From one molecule of Glucose, how many ATP molecules are produced during cellular respiration?36 - 38
By products of glucose metabolism.Carbon Dioxide, Water, Heat
Pyruvic Acid is converted to _?_ before it enters the Citric Acid Cycle.Acetyl coenzyme A
The process of removing NH2 from Amino Acids.Deamination
Produces the most chemical energy during cellular respiration.Fats
Preferred cellular energy source.Carbohydrates
Least preferred cellular energy sourceProteins
By-product of fat metabolismKetones
Excess ketones in the blood can produceAcidosis
ATP converts to _?_ when energy is releasedADP
Sequence of enzyme controlled reactionsMetabolic Pathway
Enzymes are primarily composed ofAmino Acids
The ability to do workEnergy
Metabolic processes require _?_ energy to operate.Chemical

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