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Flash Cards

definitions

AB
watershedarea of land drained by a river.
surface areafresh water above ground.
groundwaterwater stored underground.
aquiferslarge amounts of ground water.
recharge zonearea of land which groundwater originates.
desalizationprocess of removing salt from water.
water pollutionthe introduction of chemical, physical, or biological material into water that degrades quality of water.
point pollutionpollution that can be seen and comes from a single source.
nonpoint pollutionpollution that comes from many different sources.
bioaccumulationbiomagnification
artificial eutrophicationeutrophication caused by humans.
thermal pollutionexcessive amounts of heat added to water.
dama structure built across a river that presents water from moving.
Ogallala aquiferholds about 4 quadrillion liters of water, it lies in the states of Wyoming, South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas.
Distillationone method of distillation, heat is used to evaporate fresh water from salt water, leaving salt behind.
Reverse osmosispressure is used to push the water through a semipermeable membrane that will not permit to salts to pass.
water conservationways to save water.
pathogensdisease causing organisms such as bacteria.
organic matterbiodegradable remains of animals and plants, including feces. Primarily from nonpoint resources.
organic chemicalspesticides, fertilizers, plastics, detergents, gasoline, and oil, and other, materials made from fossil feuls such as petroleum.
inorganic chemicalsacid, salts, toxic metals; from both point and nonpoint sources.
toxic chemicalschemicals that are poisonous to living things, including heavy metals (lead, mercury, cadmium) and many industrial, and some household chemicals.
Physical Agentsheat and suspended solids such as soil.
Radioactive wastefrom power plants or nuclear processing and defense facilities.
nonrenewable resourceresources that cannot be replaced.


Brandi Beauchamp

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