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Photography Terms

AB
AngleThe specific location from which a photo is shot. Variety in angle creates more interesting photography and can tell the story in different ways.
Bird’s-Eye-ViewA photo shot from above, taken from a high angle.
Center of Visual Interest (CVI)Primary subject that catches readers’ attention first. Should be the focal point or dominant element within
the photo.
CompositionPosition or arrangement of the elements in a photo; content of a photo.
CroppingEditing the image area to be reproduced. Cropping enhances a photo’s visual impact by removing dead space from the sides, top or bottom.
FormatA horizontal or vertical orientation for a photograph. A variety in format makes a spread or module more interesting.
FramingComposing a photo so that the subject is surrounded (framed) by content — sky, ground, people, architecture — that highlights the subject.
Leading LinesA photo composition technique in which real or imaginary lines in a photo lead the eye to the dominant element, primary subject or center of interest.
NoiseAn undesirable electronic pattern in the dark areas of a digital photo.
PerspectiveThe angle at which a photo is shot. A wide shot shows the overall event or scene, introducing the story. A medium shot brings readers close to the action, telling more of the story. A close-up/detail shot focuses on a single, interesting subject, showing one small element that provides information on the subject matter.
Photo AssignmentThe time, place and event/activity the photographer is to shoot.
PhotojournalismThe art of telling a visual story with photographs. Photojournalists capture life as it happens, with an emphasis on emotion in motion. Photojournalistic images are not staged or posed.
Photojournalistic PhotosTell stories, show action and reaction. Provide a variety of subjects and points of view.
Photo EditingBrings together photographer and designer and involves selection, cropping, sizing and the display
of photos to optimize storytelling.
Reference PhotosGroup shots and portraits that provide a record of the school population and the membership of organizations and teams.
Repetition of PatternsA photo composition technique in which texture, lines or another visual element repeats in the photo.
Rule of ThirdsA method of dividing the photograph into thirds vertically and horizontally creating four intersection points. The main subject should usually fall into one of the intersecting points, a little off-center in the photo.
Selective FocusChoosing a lens opening that produces a shallow depth of field to creatively place parts of an image out of focus to emphasize other parts of the image.
SequenceA complete visual story that results from shooting before, during and after the event or activity.
SizingMatching the dimensions of the original photo to the proportions of a photo module on a design. A horizontal photo cannot fit into a vertical space and vice versa.
SubjectThe main focus of a photo (a single person, a couple, a small group, a large group). Varying the number of people in photos tells different stories.
Worm’s-Eye-ViewA photo shot from below, or a ground-level angle.


Lincoln High School STEAM Middle College
San Diego, CA

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