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Introduction to Medical Terminology (Study Guide)

AB
adenogland
carcinocancer
cardioheart
chemochemical
cisoto cut
dermatoskin
enterosmall intestine
gastrostomach
gynecofemale
hematoblood
hydrowater
immunoimmune
laryngovoice box
morphoshape
nephrokidney
neuronerve
ophthalmoeye
otoear
pathodisease
pulmonolung
rhinonose
urourine, urinary tract
a-without, away from
an-without
ante-before, in front of
anti-against
auto-self
brady-slow
dys-painful, difficult
endo-within, inner
epi-upon, over
eu-normal, good
hetero-different
homo-same
hyper-over, above
hypo-under, below
infra-under, beneath, below
inter-among, between
intra-within, inside
macro-large
micro-small
neo-new
pan-all
para-beside, beyond, near
per-through
peri-around
post-after
pre-before, in front of
pseudo-false
retro-backward, behind
sub-below, under
super-above, excess
supra-above
tachy-rapid, fast
trans-through, across
ultra-beyond, excess
bi-two
hemi-half
mono-one
multi-many
nulli-none
poly-many
quad-four
semi-partial, half
tri-three
uni-one
-algiapain
-celehernia, protrusion
-cisecut
-cytecell
-dyniapain
-ectasisdilation
-genthat which produces
-genesisproduces, generates
-genicproducing, produced by
-iastate
-iasisabnormal condition
-ismstate of
-itisinflammation of
-logistone who studies
-logystudy of
-lysisdestruction
-malaciaabnormal softening
-megalyenlargement, large
-omatumor, mass
-osisabnormal condition
-pathydisease
-plasiadevelopment, growth
-plasmformation, development
-ptosisdrooping
-rrhageexcessive, abnormal flow
-rrheadischarge, flow
-rrhexisrupture
-sclerosishardening
-stenosisnarrowing
-therapytreatment
-trophynourishment, development
-acpertaining to
-alpertaining to
-anpertaining to
-arpertaining to
-arypertaining to
-ealpertaining to
-iacpertaining to
-icpertaining to
-icalpertaining to
-ilepertaining to
-iorpertaining to
-orypertaining to
-osepertaining to
-ouspertaining to
-ticpertaining to
-centesispuncture to withdrawal fluid
-ectomysurgical removal
-ostomysurgically create an opening
-otomycutting into
-pexysurgical fixation
-plastysurgical repair
-rrhaphysuture
-gramrecord or picture
-graphinstrument for recording
-graphyprocess of recording
-meterinstrument for measuring
-metryprocess of measuring
-scopeinstrument for viewing
-scopyprocess of visually examining
word rootfoundation of a word
prefixbeginning of a word
suffixend of a word
combining vowelvowel ("o") that links a word root to a suffix
combining formwriting a word root by itself
common prefixespertains to number, measurement, and meaning
common suffixespertains to condition, disease, and procedure
ancillary reporttreatments/therapies a patient receives
nurses's notesrecords a patient's care throughout the day
operative reportsurgeon's report detailing an operation
discharge summaryoutline of a patient's entire hospital stay
hospiceprovides care for terminally ill patients
nursing homesprovide long-term care for those needing extended time
health maintenance organization (HMO)provides services in a pre-paid system

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