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2.12 Climate and Biomes

AB
Climate is the average, year-to-year, conditions of ____ and ____ in a certain area.temperature and precipitation
______ is the average, year-to-year, conditions of temperature and precipitation in a certain area.Climate
What are the three global climate zones, starting with the warmest and ending with the coldest?*Tropical, temperate, polar
Heat is moved away from the tropics by which two methods?Wind and ocean currents
Wind and ocean currents are caused by the fact that warm fluids ____ and cool fluids _____.rise, sink
The climate on the side of a mountain range getting hit by prevailing winds is ______ than the climate on the other side of the mountain range.wetter,
What are these lines called?, lines of latitude,
Climate conditions in a small area that differ significantly from the climate of the surrounding area are called ___.microclimates
Which biome is characterized by very low temperatures, little precipitation, and permafrost?Tundra,
Which two biomes have the least amount of precipitation?Desert and tundra
A biome is identified by its particular set of abiotic factors and its ___.characteristic plant and animal communities
Palm trees and shrubs around a small pool of water in the middle of a barren desert is an example of ____.a microclimate
Tall, perennial grasses and herds of grazing herbivores are inhabitants of the _____ and _____ biomes.tropical savanna and temperate grassland
Mild, moist air from the Pacific Ocean and giant redwood trees characterize the _____.Temperate Rain Forests (also known as the Northwest Coniferous Forests),
Desert biomes vary greatly in temperature but are always defined as having less than _____ cm of rainfall per year., 25 cm
Which type of biome is characterized by thin, nutrient-poor soils?tropical rainforest,
What adaptation do trees in the tropical rainforest have to deal with the soils they grow on?Trees in the tropical rainforest have shallow roots that spread out along the ground (to get nutrients from the nutrient-poor soil before the nutrients are washed away by the heavy rainfall)
What do we call the layer in the tropical rainforest that blocks out most of the light from hitting the ground?The forest canopy (tree tops that spread out like umbrellas),
What do you call trees that drop their leaves on an annual basis?Deciduous trees,
Name two things that keep savannas and temperate grasslands from undergoing succession and turning into forests.Fires and large herds of grazing herbivores
Which biome is home to the most different types of species on Earth?Tropical Rainforests
Which type of biome is pictured below?, The Taiga (a.k.a. - Boreal Forests). Notice it's all conifers (trees with cones),
Which type of biome is pictured below?, Desert. (I chose this photo to show that deserts aren't always hot. Often times, deserts are found on the lee side of a mountain range in the mountains rainshadow),
Which type of biome is pictured below?, Tropical Savanna,
Which type of biome is pictured below?, Tundra (during the short growing season, there is enough water from permafrost melt for lush shrubs, wildflowers, and grasses to grow),
Which type of biome is pictured below?, Temperate Rain Forest (a.k.a. - Northwest Coniferous Forest). This photo is taken from Washington state),
Which type of biome is pictured below?, Temperate forest (a.k.a. - Temperate deciduous forest),
The layer of permanently frozen subsoil that only thaws a few centimeters during the summer in the tundra is called ____.permafrost
Permafrost is found in the _____ biome.Tundra,
Plants like cactus and aloe vera are called _____ plants.succulent
Which biome is characterized by cool moist winters, hot dry summers, and periodic brush fires?Temperate Woodland and Shrubland (a.k.a. - Chaparrel). The parts of California that are always catching on fire are an example.,
Which type of biome is characterized by warm to hot summers, cold winters, seasonal precipitation, and very fertile soils?Temperate Grasslands (think of Iowa),
Which type of biome do we live in?Temperate forest (a.k.a. - Temperate deciduous forest*),
Which type of biome is characterized by broadleaf deciduous trees, cold to moderate winters, warm summers, and year-round rainfall?Temperate forest (a.k.a. - Temperate deciduous forest),
Which type of biome is characterized by long cold winters, short mild summers, and mostly coniferous trees?Taiga (a.k.a. - Boreal forests),
What type of coastal ecosystem is this seal swimming around in?, kelp forest,
What type of coastal ecosystem is pictured below?, Coral reef,


Truman High School

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