Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

semester review (ALL TERMS)

AB
Monotheisticbelief in only one god
Polytheisticbelief in many gods
Riversgeographic feature in which early civilizations began
Neolithicperiod in which people began farming
Paleolithicperiod in which people were hunters and gathers, fire ans shelter were discovered
Nomadicwander from place to place
Vizierappointed by the pharaoh to supervise the business of government
Rosetta StoneEnabled historians to read ancient hieroglyphics
Desertgeographic feature which helped protect Egyptians from invasions
Osirisgod of the Nile and the afterlife
Nilelife source of Egypt, annual floods provided farmers with water needed to grow crops
Peasant Farmersmost people in Egypt belonged to this class, provided labor to build the pyramids
Mummificationprocess of proserving body for the afterlife
pharaohruler of Egypt, considered a god
King Tutthe tomb of this pharaoh provided a wealth of information about Egyptian culture
Hieroglyphicstype of picture writing used by the Egyptians
Mesopotamia"land between two rivers", Tigris and Euphrates
Zigguratpyramid-shaped temples found in Sumer
Money EconomyExchange of one set of goods or services for a currency such as money
Barter EconomyExchange of one set of goods or services for another set of goods or services
Dariusgreat organizer, developed complex systems of roads and encouraged the use of money in Persia
Nebuchadnezzarrebuilt and restored Babylon, Great conqueror, built the hanging gardens
Tigris, Euphratesrivers known for its disructive and unpredictable floods
Code of HammurabiStrict set of laws, an eye for an eye, a life for a life. earliest legal code known in its entirety
Alphabetsymbols represent specific sounds. developed by sea traders from Phoenicia
Cuneiformwedge-shaped picture writing used in Sumer
DemocracyA government in which absolute power is given to the people
Trojan WarAfter several years Greece was finally able tp enter the walls of Troy with shenanigans (the trojan horse)
HellenisticBlending of eastern and western culutres during the age of Alexander the Great
HomerBlind poet who was credited with writing the Iliad and Odyssey
Illiad, OdysseyEpic talkes which show the values of the Ancient Greeks
Socrates, Aristotle, PlatoFamous Greek Philosophers
AthensGreek city-state; birthplace of democracy
SpartaGreek city-state; military state
PeloponnesianGreek civil war; Sparta needed support from rival Persia to defeat the powerful Athens
AchillesGreek warrior who helped Greece win the Trojan war; Illiad is based on his achievements
Alexander the GreatMacedonian king who united Greece, conquered Persia, and who never lost a battle
MountainsSeparated Greek city-states
Persian WarsSeries of wars fought between the Greeks and the powerful Persians
SeasUnited Greek city-startes with one another as well as the outside world
HannibalCarthage general during the Second Punic War
NeroEmperor of Rome who was accused of setting the Great Fire of Rome; cruel and irresponsible
PartriciansLandholding upper class, orignally a requirement for all government officials
Citizen-SoldiersLoyal soldiers of the Roman Republic; replaced by professional soldiers and mercenaries
AssassinationMurder of a political figure
ConstantineRoman emperor who divided the Roman Empire into east and west; Spread Christianity
CarthageRome's hated rival from Northern Africa who fought Rome during the Punic Wars
Julius CaesarRose to power using the military; replaced the Republic with Dictatorship; Assassinated by the Senate
DictatorRuler who has complete control over a government
ConsulsSupervised the business of the government and commanded the armies during the Republic (2); served only one term and were expected to consult with the senate
TribunesElected by the plebians; could veto, or block laws that were harmful to the lower class
PlebiansLower class including farmers, merchants, and traders; possessed little influence
ScipioRoman general during the Second Punic War
RepublicRomans believed this type of government would prevent any one person from gaining too much power; some officials are chosen by the people; eventually replaced with a dictatorship
Punic WarsSeries of wars fought between Rome and Carthage
Monotheisticbelief in only one god
Polytheisticbelief in many gods
Riversgeographic feature in which early civilizations began
Neolithicperiod in which people began farming
Paleolithicperiod in which people were hunters and gathers, fire ans shelter were discovered
Nomadicwander from place to place
Vizierappointed by the pharaoh to supervise the business of government
Rosetta StoneEnabled historians to read ancient hieroglyphics
Desertgeographic feature which helped protect Egyptians from invasions
Osirisgod of the Nile and the afterlife
Nilelife source of Egypt, annual floods provided farmers with water needed to grow crops
Peasant Farmersmost people in Egypt belonged to this class, provided labor to build the pyramids
Mummificationprocess of proserving body for the afterlife
pharaohruler of Egypt, considered a god
King Tutthe tomb of this pharaoh provided a wealth of information about Egyptian culture
Hieroglyphicstype of picture writing used by the Egyptians
Mesopotamia"land between two rivers", Tigris and Euphrates
Zigguratpyramid-shaped temples found in Sumer
Money EconomyExchange of one set of goods or services for a currency such as money
Barter EconomyExchange of one set of goods or services for another set of goods or services
Dariusgreat organizer, developed complex systems of roads and encouraged the use of money in Persia
Nebuchadnezzarrebuilt and restored Babylon, Great conqueror, built the hanging gardens
Tigris, Euphratesrivers known for its disructive and unpredictable floods
Code of HammurabiStrict set of laws, an eye for an eye, a life for a life. earliest legal code known in its entirety
Alphabetsymbols represent specific sounds. developed by sea traders from Phoenicia
Cuneiformwedge-shaped picture writing used in Sumer
HeresyBeliefs that oppose the Church
King JohnCorrupt King of England; forced to sign the Magna Carta limiting the power of monarchs
Magna CartaDocument that limited the power of the monarchy
5 Pillars of IslamFaith, Prayer, Almsgiving, Fasting (Ramadan), Pilgrimmage to Mecca (Hajj)
Hundred Years WarFrance defeated Britain
Joan of ArcFrench maidan; her visions and leadership helped Franced with the Hundred Years War
KoranHoly book of Islam
MeccaIslam's holiest city
AllahIslamic God
MohammedIslamic prophet
ExcommunicationPunishment of being kicked out of the church
VikingsRaiders, traders, and explorers for the Scandinavia
Feudal SystemRigid class system necessary for protection during the Middle Ages; included monarchs, nobles, knights, and peasants
MonarchRuler such as a king or queen
The CrusadesSeries of battles fought primarily between the Muslims and the Christians
LongshipsShips used by the Vikings
SchismSplit in the Catholic Chruch during the Middle Ages
Black DeathSpread due to rats, fleas, and poor sanitation; millions died throughout Western Europe
Leif EricksonViking explorer; believed to be the first European to reach America
Mona Lisa, Last SupperFamous works of Leonardo da Vinci
Sistine Chapel, DavidFamous works of Michelangelo paid for by the Church
William ShakespereFamous writer from the Renaissance; wrote Hamlet, King Lear, and Romeo and Juliet
PatronFinancial supporter
Florence, ItalyImportant city during the Renaissance; included the Medici family and other patrons of the arts
RaphaelMoved to Florence to study the works of Leonardo and Michelangelo
RenaissanceRebirth the culture of Ancient Rome and Greece; renewal of learning following the Middle Ages
MichelangeloRenaissance man who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and carved the statue of David
Leonardo da VinciRenaissance man who painted the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper; studied human anatomy
John CalvinBelieved in the predestination; set up a theoracy in Geneva
King Henry VIIIBroke away from the Cathlolic Church of England for political reasons
AnnulmentCancel a marriage
ProtestantChristians who broke away from the Catholic Church during the reformation
InquistionChurch court set up to root out heresy
Martin LutherBelieved Bible was the sole source of truth; translated the Bible into German; German monk who began the Protestant Movement
TheocracyGovernent run by church leaders
PredestinationIdea that your eternal fate was determined before birth
Johan GutenbergInventor of the printing press; published the first complete version of the Bible
GenevaJohn Calvin set up a theocracy; Established strict rules and the violaters were punished
Act of SupremacyKing Henry VIII separtaes himself from the Catholic Church; declares himself head of the Church of England
The PopeLeader of the Catholic Church; during the Middle Ages there was as many as three
IndulgenceLessened time spent in purgatory; Sold by the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages
95 ThesesObjections to the Catholic Church and were posted on the church door by Martin Luther
RecantTake back your views


Social Studies Teacher
York High School
York, NE

This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber.
Learn more about Quia
Create your own activities