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Unit 1 Vocabulary US History Critical Period & Constitutional Convention

Vocabulary practice activities...

Articles of ConfederationThe first written plan of government for the United States.
territoryA region designated by Congress and organized under a governor.
arsenala place where weapons and ammunition are stored.
Enlightenmentthe "Age of Reason" in the 17th & 18th century Europe.
republica country governed by elected representatives.
constitutiona written plan that provides the basic framework of a government.
compromisean agreement in which both sides in a dispute agree to give up something they want in order to achieve a settlement.
Electoral CollegeThe group established by the Constitution to elect the president and vice president.
ratifyTo formally approve a plan or arrangement.
popular sovereigntythe idea that the authority of government comes from the people
legislative branchThe lawmaking part of government, called the legislature. To legislate is to make a law.
bicameralHaving two lawmaking parts (two rooms or houses).
billa proposed law
vetoTo reject a proposed law or a bill. Only the president can veto bills.
executive branchthe part of government that "executes" (carries out) the laws
impeachto formally accuse an official of a crime related to official duties
judicial branchthe part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that interprets the laws
checks & balancesthe system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches
amendmenta change to the Constitution
interstate commercetrade and other business dealings that cross state lines
federalismthe constitutional system that shares power between the national and state governments
partyan organized political group
interest groupan organization that actively promotes the views of some part of the public on specific issues
Bill of Rightsa formal listing of the basic rights of citizens
warrantan order from a judge that authorizes police or other officials to take a certain action, such as searching someone's property
self-incriminationthe act of giving testimony that can be used against oneself
defendantspeople who are required to defend themselves in a legal action
inaugurationa formal ceremony to mark the beginning of something, such as a president's term in office
alienspeople who have come from other countries and are not yet citizens
seditionthe crime of encouraging rebellion against the government
nullifyTo refuse to recognize a federal law.
state's rightsAll rights kept by the states under the Constitution.

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