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Unit test on the Civil War

Review key terms for the Unit test on the Civil War coming up this Friday. (The second half of the terms will be added tomorrow) Don't forget to review 'main idea questions' from review sheet, textbook chapters 15, 16, and 17, and all classwork/homework

Wilmot Provisoan 1846 proposed law to prohibit slavery in newly acquired territory from Mexico; passed in the Senate but not in the House
Free Soil Partya political party dedicated to stoppping the spread of slavery
Henry Claysenator from Kentucky; known as the "great compromiser" for his role in the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850
Daniel Webstersenator from Massachusetts who supported the Compromise of 1850 even though he opposed the Fugitive Slave Act in order to keep the country from war
The Compromise of 1850deal made in Congress to settle the dispute over California and newly acquired land of the Mexican Cession
the Fugitive Slave Actfederal law stating that Northerners had to aid in the capture of suspected runaway slaves; part of the Compromise of 1850
Stephen A. Douglassenator from Illinois, ran for the Presidency against Abraham Lincoln in 1860 as the Northern Democratic candidate
abolitionista person who worked to end slavery
Underground Railroada series of escape routes for slaves from the South to the North
Frederick Douglassleading abolitionist, former slave who wrote his autobiography and donated profits to the Underground railroad; advised President Lincoln to issue Emancipation Proclamation
Harriet Tubmanescaped slave who became a leading "conductor" of the Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stoweabolitionist author who wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin" in order to show people the evils of slavery
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"abolitionist novel about the evils of slavery
Popular sovereigntythe idea that the people in a given area should vote to decide if slavery should be allowed or not
Kansas-Nebraska Act1854 law which stated that popular sovereingty would be used to settle the slavery question in the Kansas and Nebraska territories
Bleeding Kansasfighting which broke out in Kansas territory between pro and anti slavery mobs; over 300 people were killed; lasted for three years
John Wilkes Boothman who assassinated Abraham Lincoln
Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitutionamendment prohibiting slavery in the United States; passed in 1865
Appomattoxsite of Robert E. Lee's surrender to Ulysses S.Grant in April of 1865
Gen William Tecumseh ShermanUnion general who led the army of the West to victory by waging "total war" against the South
"total war"destroying everything that can be used to support the enemy (burning farms, killing livestock, destroying RR tracks, etc.)
Anaconda PlanUnion plan to "squeeze" the confederacy by blockading the coast and cutting off supplies to the Confederacy
Emancipation Proclamationdocument issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863 stating that all slaves in condederate states would be set free
54th Massachusetts RegimentAfrican-American unit of the Union army who was noted for bravery at the attack on Fort Wagner
Fort Sumterfirst battle of the Civil War; fought in Charleston, SC in April 1861; Confederate victory
Battle of First Bull Runfought in July 1861 in northern Virginia; Confederate win; Union forces retreated even though they outnumbered Confederates; showed the Union that the war would take longer than they thought
Battle of Gettysburgfought in Gettysburg PA on July 1-3, 1863; victory for Union; turning point of the war
Thirteenth Amendmentconstitutional amendment passed in 1865 prohibiting slavery in the United States
Republican Partypolitical party formed to prevent the further spread of slavery
secedeto withdraw from the Union
Confederate States of Americanew nation formed by southern states after they seceded from the United States
ironcladwarship covered in iron
Gen. Ulysses S. GrantUnion General appointed commander of the Union Army in July 1863
Gen. George McClellanUnion General who served as commander of the Union army for the first 2 years of the war; known for being hesitiant to attack
John Bellpresidential candidate from the Constitutional Union party in 1860 election; his platform was that the union should be preserved at all costs
John Breckenridgepresidential candidate for the southern Democratic party in the 1860 presidential election; his platform was that slavery should be allowed anywhere in the United States

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