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SCIENCE: Observing God's World: Vocabulary Chapter 1A

abdomenthe third body part of insects, spiders, and crustaceans
air saca structure inside an insect's body that is similar to a lung
ameba (amoeba)a common protozoan without a definite shape
amebic dysenterya disease caused by amebas in the digestive tract
Anophelesthe genus of mosquito that spreads malaria
anta social, wingless insect of the order Hymenoptera
antennaa long, movable structure on the head of insects and certain other invertebrates used to feel, hear, and taste
aphida tiny, sucking insect of the order Homoptera that feeds on juice from the stems and leaves of plants
plant louseanother name for an aphid
arachnida member of the class of arthropods that have four pairs of legs and breathe by book lungs or breathing tubes
arachnidclass of arthropods that include the harvestman, mite, scorpion, spider, and tick
arthropodany member of the large phylum of invertebrates with paired, jointed appendages and segmented bodies
arthropodphylum that includes arachnids, centipedes, crustaceans, insects, and millipedes
ballooningthe method of locomotion used by some young spiders to sail on silk strands from their birthplace to new homes
barnaclea small saltwater crustacean that attaches itself to rocks and ships
beea social, flying insect of the order Hymenoptera having two pairs of wings and antennae that are longer than its head
beetleany insect of the order Coleoptera
beetleinsect with chewing mouthparts and hard forewings that form a straight line down the back
bivalvea mollusk having two matching, fan-shaped shells joined by hinges
bivalveincludes clams, mussels, oysters, and scallops
black widowa poisonous American spider with a glossy, black body and a red hour-glass shape on its abdomen
book lunga special breathing organ stacked like pages in a book used by spiders and some scorpions
brine shrimpa tiny crustacean found in marshes and salt lakes
brown reclusea small but extremely poisonous American spider recognized by a dark violin-shaped mark on top of its body
butterflyan insect of the order Lepidoptera having a slender body and thin antennae with knobs at the ends
calcium carbonatemineral that is the chief ingredient used in the formation of seashells
carapacethe broad, protective shell of a crab, turtle, or armadillo
caterpillarthe larva of a moth or butterfly
cave pearla calcium carbonate sphere formed in cave pools
centipedea many-legged arthropod having a flat body and one pair of legs per body segment
cephalopodany member of a class of mollusks with a dome-shaped foot and a number of tentacles
cephalopodincludes the cuttlefish, nautilus, octopus, and squid
cephalothoraxa main body portion composed of both the head and thorax, as found in most crustaceans and many arachnids
chiggerthe tiny, red parasitic larva of certain mites
chitinthe material that makes up the exoskeleton of arthropods
cicadaa large, sucking insect of the order Homoptera that feeds on roots
ciliahairlike projections on a paramecium
clama bivalve shellfish (mollusk) used for food
classa division of plants or animals that is smaller than a phylum but larger than an order
classificationthe arrangement of animals or other things into groups according to their similarities

Dale Davis

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