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6th grade Middle Ages: Vocabulary Words

Taken from Chapter 12 vocabulary

medievalcomes from two Latin words: medius (middle) and aevum (age)
medusThe Latin word for "middle"
aevumThe Latin word for "age"
A.D. 476The Roman Empire ended. Eastern half became Byzantine Empire. Western half taken over by Scandinavians.
Visigothsa Germanic tribe who fought their way into Spain after the fall of the Roman Empire
OstrogothsAfter the Roman Empire, this tribe set up a kingdom in Italy.
popeThe bishop of the church of Rome. Comes from the Latin word for "father"
clergyThese were the religious leaders during the Middle Ages. The Pope was directed the activities of the clergy. There were two types of Clergy: priests and monks.
priestsOne of two types of clergy who lived among the people. They led church services, instructed the people how to live and worship, and taught people could not receive God's grace without the help of a priest.
sacramentsRoman Catholic ceremonies that are believed to bring salvation.
monksThe second type of clergy who lived together in large quarters or monasteries. They rarely had contact with the outside world. They vowed never to marry but instead devote their entire life to serving the Roman Catholic Church.
monasteriesa building or set of buildings where monks live and work in groups.
clericalThe meaning of this word can be traced back to this duty of clergymen in the Middle Ages describing office work.
nunsa woman who devotes her life to the Roman Catholic Church
Merovingian kingsName give to King Clovis' descendants. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the first king was Clovis. He divided his kingdom (western Europe) among his 4 sons.
Martela name given to King Charles (ruled 732) which means "the Hammer".
Carolingian kingsthe descendents of Charles who ruled after his death. Latin word for Charles
Charles MartelCharles ruled from 732. He was NOT a king. Kept Europe free from Muslim rule by defeating the Muslims at the city of Tours.
Papal StatesWhen Pepin defeated the Lombards, part of the land was given to the church leaders and was called Papal States.
magnusmeans great
Charlemagnecomes from the lating words,Carolus Magnus which means Charles the Great.
lordthe ownder of a manor
holy daysspecial occasions celebrated by the church to honor saints, the sabath, or certain seasons. It was a time of feasting, dancing, and relaxation.
serfspeasants who lived on the lord's land. They paid rent to the lord and worked part-time for him. They were not allowed to move from the manor.
freemenpeasants that had it better than the serfs. They paid less rent, worked fewer hours and were allowed to move from the manor.
Age of FeudalismThe period after Charlemagne's death.
Feudalismtype of government the developed during the Age of Feudalism
vassala servant. Performed certain duties for the noble, or lord.
fealtyA Pledge of faithfulness or loyalty by the vassal.
fiefa fee given to the vassal by the lord in exchange for his favor.
knightmounted soldier who defended the manor.
pageThe first step of knighthood. a young boy (age 7)who wanted to become a knight. As a page, a boy went to live in a castle of another noble to learn horsemenship and fighting skills.
squireThe second step of knighthood. At 14, he helped his master dree and accompanied him into battles and cared for his horse.
knightThe third step of knighthood ending with a ceremony.
tournamentsmock battles to prepared for battles.
jousting contestsContests between rival groups of knights. The goal was for one knight to knock the other off his horse with a blunt lance.
chivalrycode of behavior for a knight
shield wallIn the Battle of Hastings, Harold place his men along the top of a ridge.

Computer Technology Instructor
Westminster Christian School
Dawsonville, GA

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