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Land and Water Terms

Review the land and water terms from social studies!

AB
archipelagoa group of many islands
baya part of an ocean or lake extending into the land, usually smaller than a gulf
canala waterway dug across land through which ships can pass
canyona deep, narrow valley with high, steep sides
capea point of land extending into a body of water
channela narrow, deep waterway connecting two bodies of water; the deepest part of a river or waterway
cliffa steep slope of rock or soil
dama wall built across a stream or river to hold back water
deltaa triangular deposit of sand and soil that collects at the mouth of some rivers
forkthe place where a stream or river joins another river
glaciera huge mass of ice that moves slowly down a mountain
gulfa part of an ocean extending into the land, usually larger than a bay
harbora sheltered area of water where ships can anchor safely
hilla raised part of the earth's surface with sloping sides, smaller than a mountain
iceberga large mass of ice floating in the ocean
islandan area of land completely surrounded by water
mountaina raised part of the earth's surface with a pointed or rounded top, higher than a hill
mouth (of a river)the part of the river where its waters flow into another body of water
oceanthe great body of salt water that covers almost 3/4 of the earth's surface
peakthe pointed top of a mountain or hill
peninsulaland surrounded by water on all sides except one
plaina broad and flat or gently rolling area, usually low in elevation
plateaua large and flat or gently rolling area high above sea level that may have deep canyons
reservoira place where water is stored and collected
rivera large stream of water that flows into a lake, ocean, or another body of water
source (of a river)the place where a river or stream begins
straita narrow waterway connecting two large bodies of water
tributarya stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
valleylowland between hills or mountains


Mrs. Fuller

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