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Feudalism: A system for Living: Section 1

Learning about Europe in the middle ages.

Middle AgesThe years between ancient and modern times; from about A.D. 500 to A.D. 1500.
medievalOf the Middle Ages.
feudalismA system of power in Europe during the Middle Ages, in which kings and queens had the most power; followed by nobles, knights, and peasants.
vassalIn medieval Europe, a man who promised to be loyal to a landowner, who in return gave him a share of the land, called a fief.
manorA large estate, often including a village and farmlands, ruled by a lord in medieval Europe.
self-sufficientAble to supply one's own needs
serfA peasant in medieval Europe considered to be part of the land
CharlemangneKing of the Franks who conquered much of western Europe.
GaulA region of France, Belgium, and parts of Germany and northern Italy occupied by the ancient Gauls.
How did feudelism benefit the wealthy and powerful?They got the poor to work the land for them. They had most power over others.
Describe the life of a peasant on a medieval manor.The peasants did all the labor on the manor. They farmed the lord's fields to raise food for the his houshold. In return, a peasant family could farm a strip of land of their own.
How did feudelism protect people during the dangerous times of the early Middle Ages?Feudelism allowed the wealthy and powerful people to protect the poor people. This could protect them from people such as the Vikings, who looted and murdered the people in their cities.


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