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Science Camp Vocabulary

Try out these activities so that you may master the vocabulary you will using at Marin Headlands.

abioticnon-living; refers to the things in an ecosystem like the sun, rocks, air, etc.
adaptationanything that helps an organism fit better in its niche
biomea large, land ecosystem
bioticliving or was once alive
brackishrefers to water that is part fresh water, part salt water
carbon dioxidethe gas used by plants in photosynthesis; animals exhale it
chaparralbrushland; a biome which has long, hot summers with little rainfall
chert= a hard sedimentary rock formed primarily of silica
consumeran organism that feeds directly or indirectly on producers
decomposeran organism that eats dead or decaying matter and turns it into nutrients for producers to use
ecologythe science concerned with the relationship of living things to each other and their environment
ecosystema community of living things and the environment in which they live
food chaina sequence showing who eats whom
food weba number of interconnected food chains
habitatthe place in which a plant or animal lives
geologythe study of the structure and the history of the earth
herbivoreplant-eater (a primary consumer)
igneousrefers to rock formed by the hardening of magma
indigenousthat which is native to a particular area; living naturally in a particular place
interdependencerelying on one another for survival
metamorphicrefers to rock that has undergone a change through heat and pressure
nichethe place in an ecosystem that an organism fits; this refers to its place in the food chain and everything the organism does that affects its environment
omnivorea meat and plant-eater
oxygenthe gas that animals need to breathe to live
predatoran animal that feeds itself by capturing and eating other animals
preyan animal caught for food
produceran organism that makes its food inside its own body by photosynthesis
primary consumera consumer that eats producers only
respirationthe process by which an organism exchanges gases with its environment; in animals with lungs, it’s known as breathing
secondary consumera consumer that eats primary consumers
scavengeran animal that will eat almost anything, especially dead and decaying things
sedimentaryrefers to rock formed of materials moved from one place to another
symbiosistwo organisms living together in a way that benefits at least one of the organisms

Cupertino, CA

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