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IE - Ch. 2.1 vocab.

This is a review of the 17 vocabulary words for the Inside Earth textbook, chapter 2, section 1.

earthquakeThe shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Earth's surface.
stressThe force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
shearingStress that pushes a mass of rock in opposite directions.
tensionStress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle.
compressionStress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks.
deformationA change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust.
faultA break in Earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other.
strike-slip faultA type of fault where rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up-or-down motion.
normal faultA type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward, caused by tension in the crust.
hanging wallThe block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault.
footwallThe block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault. **This is the half that is being leaned ON.**
reverse faultA type of fault where the hanging wall slides upward.
fault-block mountainA mountain that forms where a normal fault uplifts a block of rock.
foldsBends in rock that form where part of Earth's crust is compressed.
anticlineAn upward fold in rock formed by compression of Earth's crust.
synclineA downward fold in rock formed by compression in Earth's crust.
plateauA large area of flat land elevated high above sea level.

6th grade Language Arts and Science teacher
Baldwinsville Central Schools
Baldwinsville, NY

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