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Chapter 6 vocab

HuguenotsFrench Calvinists; Edict of Nantes granted limited toleration for them, which ended the religious wars between the Catholics and Huguenots.
French and Indian WarWar between the British versus the French/Indian alliance. Fought in North America. British victory consolidated the holding fo the British.
AcadiansFrenchmen who lived in Nova Scotia. When the English received the territory in 1713, they were asked to leave by the French but stayed anyway. Uprooted in 1755 during the war because the British feared they would attack. Scattered the four thousand of them as far south as Louisiana.
War of Spanish SuccessionFought to determine who would succeed, since Charles was inheriting a lot of the world: Spain, the New World, France, the Netherlands . . .
Albany CongressCongress that met in Albany, New York, near the Iroquois. Seven (of the thirteen) colonies sent delgates, whose main purpose was to keep the Iroquois tribes loyal to the British. Also, the Congress was a means to promote colonial unity, which would help to defend them from France.
IroquoisIndian tribe in upper New York; foe of French since Champlain fought against them.
New FranceThe colonies that France held in the New Rold: mainly Canada. Mainly involved in fur trade, and they recruited Indians into their trade.
Proclamation of 1763Prohibited settlement in the area beyond the Appalachians, which they had won in the war. The document was meant to allow them to work out the Indian problem without having another bloody uprising, but the Americans were mad because they had been looking forward to spreading out.
CajunDescendants of the French-speaking Acadians; now there are nearly a million Cajuns. Also spoke Cajun.
Edict of NantesProclaimed religious toleration from the French Huguenots; 1598.
Samuel de ChamplainFrench soldier and explorer; "Father of New France." Freidnly with Huron Indian tribes and fought witht them against Iroquois; when they won, the Iroquois became lasting foes.
William PittThe "Great Commoner." Drew strength from common people, who admired him. Opposed king's policies toward clonies, but never favored complete independence. "Organizer of Victory." Leader during the war, led expedition against Louisbourg: first significant victory of British.
Antoine CadillacFounded Detroit, "the City of Straits" in 1701. Wanted to stop English settlers from pushing into French territory.
Robert de la SalleTo stop Spanish expanding into the Gulf of Mexico, floated down the Mississippi in 1682 to where it turns into the gulf. Named the basin Lousiana, after Louis XIV. Returned four years later with colonizers but failed to find the delta and landed in Texas where he was murdered by his mutinous men.
James WolfeLed the Briitish in the Battle of Quebec, 1759. Sent a detachment up an eminence protecting Quebec and faced the other army, under the Marquis de Montcalm, on the Plains of Abraham on the outskirts. The city was surrendered.
Edward BraddockSent to Virginia with a strong detachment of British soldiers, took supplies from colonists, and then set out to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. Despite a bigger army, the British lost to the French and Indian army because they hid in the forest with the redcoats as great targets.


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