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Bacteria

Flip through the flash cards to brush up on your knowledge of bacteria!

AB
Campylobacter jejuniFOUND: Intestinal tracts of animals, raw milk, untreated water, sewage sludge TRANSMISSION: contaminated water, raw milk, raw or undercooked meat. SYMPTOMS: fever, headache, muscle pain, diarrhea, etc. Appears 2-5 days after eating…. Lasts 7-10 days.
Clostridium botulinumFOUND: in nature, soil, water, plants, intestinal tracts of animals & fish. Grows in little or no oxygen. TRANSMISSION: bacteria produces a toxin that causes illness. Improperly canned foods, vacuum-packed food. SYMPTOMS: Nervous system. Appears 4 hours – 8 days after eating. Fatal in 3-10 days if not treated.
Clostridum perfringensFOUND: soil, dust, sewage, intestinal tracts of animals & humans. Grows in little or no oxygen. TRANSMISSION: "the cafeteria germ" (food left for a long period of time at room temperature). Can be destroyed by cooking, but some spores may survive. SYMPTOMS: diarrhea & gas pains. Appear 8-24 hours after eating. Lasts 1 day - 2 weeks.
Escherichia coli 0157:H7FOUND: intestinal tracts of mammals, raw milk, unchlorinated water. TRANSMISSION: water, raw milk, raw/rare ground beef, uncooked fruits/veggies, unpasteurized apple juice/cider. SYMPTOMS: cramps, diarrhea, nausea. Appear 2-5 days after eating. Lasts 8 days. Can lead to kidney failure.
SalmonellaFOUND: intestinal tract & feces of animals; raw eggs. TRANSMISSION: raw & undercooked eggs, poultry, raw milk & dairy, seafood. SYMPTOMS: stomach pain, diarrhea, nausea, chills, fever, headache. Appears 6-48 hours after eating. Lasts 1-2 days.
Steptococcus AFOUND: noses, throats, pus, blood, & stool of humans TRANSMISSION: people to food from poor hygiene, improper food handling. Raw milk, ice cream, eggs, lobster, salads, pudding at room temp. for several hours. SYMPTOMS: sore throat, painful swallowing, high fever, headache, vomiting. Appears 1-3 days after eating; lasts a week.
Listeria monocytogenesFOUND: intestinal tracts of humans & animals, milk, soil, leaf veggies, processed food; grows slowly in fridge. TRANSMISSION: meat, soft cheese, raw milk, leaf veggies. SYMPTOMS: fever, chills, aches, diarrhea. 12 hours-3 weeks. May get more serious.
ShigellaFOUND: human intestinal tract. TRANSMISSION: fecal contamination of food & water, Most outbreaks from food prepared by workers with poor personal hygiene. SYMPTOMS: Sometimes none. Diarrhea, cramps, chills, fever, vomiting. 12-50 hours. Lasts a few days to 2 weeks.
Staphylocuccus aureusFOUND: human skin, infected cuts, pimples, noses. TRANSMISSION: improper food handling, multiplies fast. SYMPTOMS: severe nausea, cramps, vomiting. 1-6 hours. Recovery within 2-3 days.

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