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The Nation Grows: Significant People and Places

Chapter 13 Social Studies Part A Review

Daniel BooneThe most famous American Pioneer. He drove a wagon for General Braddock's army during the French and Indian War. He crossed the Appalachain Mountains at Cumberland Gap and found Kentucky.
KentuckyThe land that Daniel Boone and John Finley set out to find. The valley was full of buffalo and the woods were thick with deer. The Cherokee and Shawnee Native Americans claimed parts of this place as their hunting grounds.
Cumberland GapPart of the Appalachain Mountains where Daniel Boone and John Finley crossed to find Kentucky.
Wilderness TrailIn March 1775, Boone led a group headed for Warrior's Path. They slashed trees and bushes to make way for wagons and carved this trail out of the wilderness.
BoonesboroughKentucky settlement developed by the relatives and neighbors of Daniel Boone.
LouisianaAfter France lost the French and Indian War, it gave Spain its claim to land west of the Mississippi. In 1802, Spain secretly gave this land back to France.
Napoleon BonaparteThe French leader who wanted to re-establish French power in North America.
Louisiana PurchaseThe greatest real estate bargain the United States ever made. The US gained a vast terriroty ranging west from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and north to Canada.
Meriwether LewisPresident Jefferson's secretary who was called to lead an expedition to gather all kinds of information about the Louisiana Purchase territory.
William ClarkLewis' friend who shared the leadership of the expedition to explore the Louisiana Purchase territory. He had valuable wilderness experience and was particulalry good at making maps.
Missouri RiverIn 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition took off in St. Louis, leaving from this river by canoe.
Zebulon PikeHe lead a government expedition to explore the Arkansas and Red river valleys. In Colorado, he unsuccessfully tried to climb a peak which now bears his name.
New MexicoThe place where Pike was jailed for tresspassing.
NeutralTo not take sides.
ImpressmentWhen one country seizes sailors from another country to put them to work on thier own ships.
War HawksThose Americans from the West and South who favored war with Britain. They were eager to take land from Canada from the British and take Florida from the Spanish.
Henry ClayHe was the most famous of the War Hawks and also the senator of Kentucky. He argued that the United States should "take the whole continent."
Raid on Washington, D.C.During the War of 1812, the British attacked the coast line most often. However, during this raid, they attacked this city of 8000 people. They invaded the White House, ate dinner there, and then burned the former President's Palace.
Battle at BaltimoreWhen the British left Washington, D.C. they headed to this city to spend the winter.
Fort McHenryBaltimore was defended by this fort. At the fort, there was an American flag waving. This flag was so large that the British would have no difficulty in seeing it at a distance. The British threw a hail of rockets and bombs on Fort McHenry to try to defeat the Americans.
Francis Scott KeyAn American prisoner on a British ship who witnessed the rockets and bombs flying towards Fort McHenry. Overcome with joy, he wrote the Star Spangled Banner based on what he saw- the American Flag was still flying.
Battle of New OrleansUnable to defeat the Americans at Baltimore, the British sailed here to encounter their next battle.
Andrew JacksonThe American commander at the Battle of New Orleans. He later became President.
Davy CrockettA leader of little education or political experience. He learned his political knowledge from listening to other leaders give election speeches.
Election of Andrew JacksonUntil 1828, all of the presidents came from Massachusetts or Virginia. He was the first person to be elected from the frontier. It was also the first election where most American men could vote.
OklahomaUnder the terms of the Indian Removal Act, all Indians east of the Mississippi were forced to leave their land and move west. They were to live in this new territory.
The Trail of TearsThe Cherokees were forced to move westward in the winter of 1838. Almost one fourth of their number died on the trail from disease, hunger, and cold. This was the name of the journey.

Miss Bourgeois

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