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Chapter 1: The Geography of the Western Hemisphere

These are vocabulary words from the text book Latin America and Canada.

plate tectonicsthe study of large pieces, or plates, of the earth
regionan area with common features that set it apart from other areas
isthmusa narrow strip of land that connects two larger pieces of land
archipelagoa group of islands
Central Americathe land stretching between southern Mexico and Northern Columbia
Greenlandthe world’s largest island and is located of the northeast coast of North
Caribbean islandsan archipelagoes located between North and South America
Middle AmericaMexico, Central America, and the Caribbean islands
tributarya river or stream that flow into a larger body of water
elevationthe distance above sea level
Amazon Riverlocated in South America and is the longest river in the Western hemisphere
Great Lakesfresh water lakes on the border between the United States and Canada
Andes Mountainsmountains that border the west coast of South America
Mount Aconcagualocated in the Andes of South America and is the tallest mountain in the Americas (22,834 feet)
mountainshigh, rounded or pointed landforms with steep sides, higher than a hill
hillsa rounded, raised landform, not as high as a mountain
plateaua high, flat landform that rises steeply above the surrounding land
plainlarge area of flat or nearly flat land, low elevation
latitudemeasures the distance north and south of the equator, expressed in degrees and shown as east-west lines on a map
parallel lineany line of latitude, lines that are parallel never meet or cross
longitudemeasures the distance east or west of the prime meridian, expressed in degrees and shown as north-south lines on a map
meridianany line of longitude west or east of the prime meridian,they meet at the North and South poles
prime meridianthe line of longitude marked 0 degrees on the map
degreesa unit of measurement to measure the distance between latitudes and between longitudes
grida pattern created by the crossing of lines of latitude and longitude used to measure exact location.
environmentincludes all the land, water, plants, and animals found in an area
climatethe weather patterns of an area over a long period of time
Parts that make up climate:1) temperature, 2) precipitation, 3) wind, and air pressure
Factors which affect climate:1) latitude, how far north or south of the equator a place is located, 2) elevation, and 3) ocean currents
precipitationany form of water, such as rain, hail, or snow, that falls to the earth
tropical climateclimate in the low latitudes extending from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn. These climates receive the sun’s direct rays; therefore, temperatures are very warm and do not change much year around
polar climateclimate in the high latitudes located near the North Pole and South Poles, and they are the world’s coldest climates because the receive the fewest direct sunrays
temperate climateclimate that fall between the low and high latitudes; they are generally cool in the winter and warm in the summer
currenta portion, part, of a body of water or air that flows continuously in the approximate same path
natural resourcesthings found in nature that can be useful to man
minerala natural substance found in the earth: iron, gold, silver, etc
vegetationplant life
renewable resourcesresources that can replace or rebuild themselves: animals, plants, soil, water, etc
nonrenewable resourcesresources that can never be renewed or replaced: coal, iron, oil, etc
pollutiondamaging or dirtying the environment
extinctsomething that is no longer in existence

Enjoy your evening of fun with the Applewhites, family, and friends.

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