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Florida FCAT vocabulary 5th grade

adaptationa characteristic of an organism that increases its chance of survival in its environment
atmospherethe layers of gas that surround celestial bodies
atomsmallest unit of a chemical element that can still retain the properties of that element
axisimaginary central line on which an object rotates
carnivoreanimal or plant that consumes or obtains nutrients from animals
change of statephysical change that occurs when matter changes to another phase
chemical changereaction or change in a substance produced by changing chemical bonds
communityall the populations of organisms belonging to different species and sharing the same geographical area
compoundsubstance made up of a combination of two or more elements held together by chemical bonds
condensationprocess of changing from a gas to a liquid
conservationcontrolled use and/or maintenance of natural resources
constellationstar pattern identified and named as a definite group
consumerorganism that feeds on other organisms for food
decomposerorganism that feeds or obtains nutrients by breaking down organic matter from dead organisms
densitymass per unit volume of substance in a given area
depositionlayering matter in a natural process
earthquakeshaking of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy in Earth’s crust
ecosystemintegrated unit of a biological community, its physical environment, and interactions
elementsubstance that cannot be reduced to a simpler substance by chemical means
energyquantity that describes the capacity to do work: a source of usable power
energy pyramidpyramidal diagram that compares the amount of energy available at each position, or level, In the feeding order
energy transfertransformation of energy from one form to another (e.g.. mechanical to electrical, solar- to electrical)
environmentsum of conditions affecting an organism. including all living and nonliving things In an area, such as plants. animals, water, soil,weather, landforms, and air
equatorimaginary circle around Earth's that divides it into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
erosionwearing away of Earth's surface by the breakdown and transportation of rock and soil
evaporationprocess by which a liquid is convened to its vapor physical by heating the liquid
experimentprocedure that is carried out and repeated under controlled conditions in order to discover, demonstrate, or test a hypothesis; includes all components of the scientific method
food chaintransfer of energy through various stages as a result of feeding patterns of a series of organisms
food web (food cycle)interconnected feeding relationships in a food chain found in a particular place and time
forcepush or pull
fossilwhole or part of a plant or animal that has been preserved in sedimentary rock
frictionopposing force relativeto the motion of two material surfaces in contact with one another
fulcrumpivot point of a lever
galaxylarge collection of stars, gases, and dust that are part of the universe bound together by gravitational forces
gasone of the fundamental states of matter in which the molecules do not have a fixed volume or shape
gravitationforce of attraction between two masses
gravityobserved effect of the force of gravitation
habitatplace in an ecosystem where an organism normally lives
heatform of energy resulting from the temperature difference between a system and its surroundings
herbivoreanimal that feeds on plants
igneous rocktype of rock that forms from molten or partly molten material that cools and hardens
inclined planetype of simple machine; a slanted surface
inertiaproperty of a body, due to its mass, that causes it to resist any change in its motion unless overcome by’ a force
investigationprocedure that is carried out in order to observe a response caused by a stimulus; not a complete experiment
kinetic energyenergy possessed by a body because of its motion
levertype of simple machine; consists of a rigid bar that pivots about a fulcrum
life cycleentire sequence of events in an organism’s growth and development
lightelectromagnetic radiation that lies within the visible range
liquidone of the fundamental states of matter with a definite volume but no definite shape
magnetichaving the property of attracting iron and certain other materials by virtue of a surrounding field of force
massamount of matter an object contains
mattersolid, liquid, or gas that possesses inertia and is capable of occupying space
metamorphic rocktype of rock that forms from existing rock because of extreme changes caused by heat, pressure, or chemical environments
microscopicrelating to an object too small to be visible without the use of a microscope
mixtureproduct of a blending of two or more substances.not chemically combined
moonnatural satellite that revolves around a planet
moon phasephrase that indicates the fraction of the Moon’s disc that is illuminated (as seen from Earth); the eight moon phases (in order): new moon, waxing crescent, first quarter. waxing gibbous full moon, waning gibbous, last quarter, waning crescent
nonrenewable resourceresource that can only be replenished over millions of years
organbiological structure containing different tissues that are organized to carryy out a specific function of the body
organismany living plant, animal, or fungus that maintains various vital processes necessary for life
photosynthesisa chemical process by which plants trap light energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates (sugars)
physical changechange in matter from one state to another, without forming new substances
planetlarge body in space that orbits a star and does not produce light of its own
pollutionany alteration of the natural environment producing a conditionharmful to living organisms; may occur naturally or as a result of human activities
populationgroup of organisms of the same species living in a specific geographical area
potential energyenergy an object has because of its position or structure; stored energy
predatororganism that preys on and consumes animals; usually’ an animal
preyorganism caught or hunted for food by another organism
producerorganism that makes its own food from the environment; usually a green plant
protistunicellular organisms belonging to the kingdom Protista
pulleya type of simple machine; a circular lever, usually’ a wheel with a groove where a rope can be placed and used to change the direction of a force
reflectionbouncing off or turning back of light. sound, or heat from a surface
refractionchange in the direction of a wave that occurs as it passes from one medium to another of different density
renewable resourceresource that is replaced or restored by natural processes in a reasonable amount of time as it is used.
resourceany material that can be used to satisfy a need
scientific methodplan of inquiry that uses science process skills as tools to gather organize. analyze. and communicate information
sedimentary rockrock formed from layers of sediment that overlay and squeeze together or are chemically combined
solar systemstar and all the planets and other bodies that orbit it: region in space where these bodies move
solidhaving a definite shape and a definite volume; one of the fundamental states of matter
solutionmixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed throughout a single phase
starlarge, gaseous, self-luminous body and powered by thermonuclear reactions
Sunclosest star to Earth; center of our solar system
systemset of objects, organisms, or different parts working together to form a whole
tissuesimilar cells acting to perform a specific function: four basic types of tissue are muscle, connective, nerve, and epidermal
topographysurface, shape, and composition of a land area
universethe total sum of all matter and energy that exists
volcanovent or fissure in Earth’s surface through which magma and its associated materials are expelled; generally a mountain-like structure
volumemeasure of the amount of space an object takes up: also the loudness of a sound or signal
water cycledifferent phases water takes as it is being cycled through the environment including condensation. evaporation, and precipitation
weatheringnatural processes that break down and change rock into soil, sand, and other materials: differs from erosion in that no transportation of those materials takes place
wheel and axletype of simple machine: a circular frame or disk revolving around a central axis

Science Teacher
Pine View Middle School
Land O Lakes, FL

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