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The Great War during 1914-1918

Learn about WWI and how it affected the world. For more information, read textbook: Modern World History, Patterns of Interaction by McDougal Littell.
Chapter #13

Militarisma policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war.
Triple Alliancea military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I.
Triple Ententea military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
Kaiser Wilhelm IIEmperor of Germany
Schlieffen PlanGermany's military plan at the outbreak of WWI, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
Central Powersin WWI, the nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side.
Alliesin WWI, the nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side; also, the group of nations-including Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the U.S.-that opposed the Axis Powers in WWII.
Western Frontin WWI, the region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
Trench Warfarea form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
Eastern Frontin WWI, the region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfarethe use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in an enemy's waters.
Total Wara conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort.
Rationingthe limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy-often imposed by governments during wartime, when goods are in short supply.
Propagandainformation or material spread to advance a cause or to damage an opponent's cause.
Armisticean agreement to stop fighting.
Fourteen Pointsa series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after WWI.
Self Determinationthe freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live.
Treaty of Versaillesthe peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after WWI.
League of Nationsan international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among nations.
Woodrow WilsonPresident of the U.S. during WWI
George ClemenceauFrance's premier and delegate at Versailles.
David Lloyd GeorgeBritain's Prime Minister during the war and the meeting at Versailles.
reparationmoney paid by a defeated nation to compensate for damage or injury during a war.
chancellorthe chief minister of state in many European countries.
impulsiveinclined to act on a sudden feeling rather than thought.
intelligencesecret information, especially such information about an enemy.
atrocityan act of extreme cruelty or violence.
abdicateto formally give up a high office or responsibility.

Cristina Pacio

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