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AP Chapter 12: Age of Religious Wars

A variety of activities to help you learn the key information in Chapter 12

Catherine de' MediciWife of Henry II who acted as regent for her sons after Henry II was killed
GuiseCatholic family and leader of the ultra-Catholics in France
BourbonsHuguenot family who controlled the south and west of France
politiquesFrench politicians with a secular view who put their hopes in a strong monarchy
Jean BodinFrench political philosopher who developed modern theory of sovereignty
VassySite of the massacre of a peaceful group of Huguenots by the Guise
St. Bartholomew's Day MassacreMassacre of Huguenots which began in Paris in August 1572
Admiral de ColignyPrimary target of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Henry of NavarreBourbon Huguenot who married Charles IX's sister
War of the Three HenriesConflict between Henry, Duke of Guise, Henry III, and Henry of Navarre
Henry IVFirst Bourbon king of France
Edict of NantesDocument that guaranteed religious and political freedom to Huguenots
Holy LeagueLed by Spain this alliance defeated the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto
Philip II"Most Catholic king" of Spain who spent his life trying to restore Catholicism to all of Europe
William of Nassau, prince of OrangeProtestant leader of the resistence in the Netherlands
Duke of AlvaSpanish duke sent to crush the Dutch rebellion of 1566
Pacification of GhentAgreement that made William of Orange leader of all the provinces of the Netherlands
Union of ArrasA Catholic union of the southern provinces of the Netherlands
Duke of ParmaSpanish leader who split the united front created by the Pacification of Ghent
"new" Act of SupremacyAct of Parliament that made Elizabeth I head of church and state
Act of UniformityRestored the Book of Common Prayer to Anglican Church services
PurtiansEnglish Protestants who wished to remove all elements of Catholicism from the Church of England
Mary, Queen of ScotsElizabeth's cousin who was beheaded for plotting the overthrow of Elizabeth
Spanish ArmadaPhilip's great navy that was defeated by the English sea dogs
Jacob FuggerHead of a famous banking family
AmsterdamBy 1650, the greatest banking and commercial center of Europe
Thirty Years' War"Last of the Religious Wars"
Peace of AugsburgAgreement that ended the conflict between German Catholics and Lutherans
Protestant UnionLeague of German Protestant states formed by the Elector Palatine Frederick IV
Catholic LeagueGroup of German Catholic states formed by Duke Maximilian
Bohemian PhaseFirst phase in the Thirty Years' War
Battle of White MountainBattle lost by Protestant forces in the Bohemian phase of the war
Danish phaseSecond phase of the Thirty Years' War
Edict of RestitutionProclamation issued by Ferdinand II which prohibited Calvinist worship and restored all Catholic property
Swedish phaseThird phase in the Thirty Years' War
Franco-Swedish phaseLast phase in the Thirty Years' War
Albrecht von WallensteinBohemian nobleman who defeated the Danes in the 30 Years' War
King Christian IV of DenmarkLutheran who intervened in the 30 Years' War on behalf of the Protestants
Gustavus AdolphusSwedish king who was killed at the Battle of Lutzen
Cardinal RichelieuChief minister of Louis XIII of France
Battle of RocroiFrench victory that brought an end to Spanish military greatness
Peace of WestphaliaAgreement that allowed each German prince to determine the religion of their state
Malleus MaleficarumHandbook on the practice of witchcraft
BaroqueStyle of art marked by heavy & dramatic ornamentation and curved rather than straight lines; especially associated with Catholic Church
HuguenotsFrench Calvinists
Besancon HuguesLeader of Geneva's political revolt from House of Savoy that was a prelude to that city's Calvinist Reformation; derivative for term Huguenots
Conspiracy of AmboiseAbortive plot by Louis I, Prince of Conde and Admiral Coligny to kidnap Francis II from his Guise advisors
Peace of St. Germain-en-LayeEnded the 3rd war od religion in France; granted the Huguenots religious freedoms within their territories and the right to fortify their cities
Don JohnPhilip II's half brother; his fleets defeated Turks at Lepanto; after being defeated in Netherlands sign he Perpetual Edict
Perpetual EdictProvided for removal of all Spanish troops from the Netherlands within 20 days
Spanish FuryGreates atrocity of the religious war in the Netherlands; Spanish mercenaries killed 7,000 in Antwerp
Duke of AlenconFrenchman and youngest son of Catherine d/Medici whom the Dutch Protestants turned to after declaring Philip II was no longer king; when he tried to assert actual control, he was deposed
Marian ExilesEnglish protestants who fled England during the reign of Mary I; settled on the continent when they were exposed to even more radical views
Union of UtrechtUnion of the northern provinces of the Netherlands; formed in reaction to the union of the southern provinces
Frederick III of Palatineconvert to Calvinism and elector of the Palatinate; made Calvinism his official religion in violation of Peace of Augsburg
Letter of Majestyissued by Emperor Rudolf II; broadened the religious freedoms of Bohemian Protestants
Defenestration of PragueName given to the act of throwing Ferdinand's regents out of a 3rd story window; taken in reaction to Ferdinand's election as king of Bohemia; they feared a loss of their religious rights
"new papists"terms given to Calvinists by their critics
Montmorency-ChatillonsHuguenot family who controlled the center of France
John Knoxleader of Calvinist movement in Scotland who declared that removal of a heathen tyrant was a Christian duty
Sir William CecilShrewd advisor to Elizabeth I; instrumental in guiding a religious settlement through Parliament that prevented a religious civil war during Elizabeth's reign
Conventicle Act of 1593English act that gave separatists the option of either conforming to the practices of the Anglican Church or facing exile or death
Perpetual Edict (1577)provided for the removal of all Spanish troops from the Netherlands
hegemonypreponderant influence or authority of one nation over other nations
sovereignityfreedom from external control; an independent nation has sovereignty

Academic Lead Teacher - Social Studies
Kingwood High School

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