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Literary Devices with Examples

repetition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence. "I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet." Robert Frostalliteration
exaggeration for emphasis "I tried a thousand times."hyperbole
expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another "A fine thing indeed!" he muttered to himself as rain spoiled his golf game..irony
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words "Life's but a walking shadow..." Shakespeare's Macbethmetaphor
use of words to imitate natural sounds "Buzz, buzz, buzz," went the bee.onomatopoeia
a paradox created by combining words that seem to be opposite of each other example: jumbo shrimp or a wise fooloxymoron
a statement that seems opposed to common sense, but that may yet have some truth in it "What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young." George Bernard Shawparadox
giving personality to an impersonal thing "The sky cried over the loss of the sun."personification
a comparison between two things using "like" or "as" example: Vines covered the windows like golden prisons.simile
reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work In A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens refers to Shakespeare's Hamlet to emphasize Marley's death.allusion
repetition of vowel sounds in a literary work example: Fleet feet sweep by sleeping sheep.assonance
the repetition of consonant sounds, but not vowels example: Lady lizards lounges lazily.consonance
a pattern of words that contain similar sounds example: go/show/glow/know/thoughrhyme
in poetry, it is a recognizable "pulse" that gives a distinct beat to a line example: One, two, Buckle my shoe, Three, four, Shut the door.rhythm
using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning example: the light bulb above a cartoon's head representing an ideasymbol

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