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Third Grade Animals and Adaptations

Habitats and survival adaptations.

populationall the animals and plants in an ecosystem: the inhabitants in an area
habitatthe place where an animal or plant lives and grows: a home
communityan ecosystem: a group of plants and animals that live in an area and depend on each other for survival
water habitatsanimal homes that are in the water such as the ocean, streams, rivers, swamps, ponds
land habitatsanimal homes that are on the land such as tundra, grassland, desert, rainforest, mountains
environmentsall the soil, air, water that surround a living plant or animal
deciduoustrees whose leaves fall off in the autumn
coniferousevergreen trees with needles
grasslandsflat, grassy areas with few trees ideal for herbivores like cows, buffaloes, and giraffes
desertshot or cold areas with very little precipitation
oceanthe largest body of water on earth: the largest ecosystem
producera living thing that makes its own food; a plant
consumera living thing that cannot make its own food
herbivorean animal that eats only plants
carnivorean animal that eats only meat
omnivorean animal that eats plants and meat
predatoran animal that hunts and eats other animals
preyan animal that is hunted and eaten by predators
decomposera living thing that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler matter
scavengeran animal that feeds on dead plants and animals
food chaina group of living things in which the first is eaten by the second, the second is eaten by the third and so on
food webseveral food chains together
extinctionto cease to live; no longer on Earth
survivalto continue living
conservationthe protecting and preserving of the earth so that plants and animals continue to live
endangeredwhen few of a species is left on Earth; the plant or animal is close to extinction
camouflageblending in with your environment
mimicryimitating another animal for survival
migratemoving from one place to another and then back to the first place
storingsaving food for the winter months
hibernatelong, winter's sleep
defensea way to protect one's self, such as claws, coloring, horns, teeth, etc.
learned behavioranimal behavior that is not instinct; it must be learned by the animal
instincta way animals behave that is automatic rather than learned

Fourth Grade
John Paul II Catholic School
Southern Pines, NC

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