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SOL Game 1-8

Questions dating from the "First Americans" up until 1930 in social studies

Paleo Indianshunted mammoths 11,000 years ago
Olmecsfrom Mexico, 1st form of writing, traded with the Mayas
Adenassettled in Mississippi & Ohio River valleys
HopewellsBuilt mound cities, later called Mississipians
Anasazilived in desert, pit house underground, then moved to Mesa Verde into cliffhouse
Pueblosthought to be descendants of Anasazi
Eastern Woodland tribesbuilt houses out of wood, different styles for different ares
Northern Pacific tribesfished for salmon, had potlatch ceremonies
Hernan Cortesconquered the Aztecs Indians
Francisco Pizzaroconquered the Inca nation from Peru, S, America
Jacques Cartierexplored the St. Lawerence River for the French
John Cabotfound Newfoundland for England
Francis DrakeEnglish sea captain, raided Spanish treasure ships
La Salleexplored Mississppi River fro France
Vasco De Gamasailed around the tip of S. Africa to India
patroonsrich Dutch men who were given parcels of land
Columbian Exchangethe transfer of goods, people, plants & diseases across the Atlantic Ocean & back again
Lord NorthPrime Minister of England during Revolutionary War years
John Winthropbelieved everyone should worship in the church of England
Anne Hutchinsondidn't believe a minister was needed to talk to God
Patrick Henrypatriot for independence, "Give me liberty or give me death
Nathaniel Baconbelieved enopugh wasn't being done to help farmers, led a protest, burned down Jamestown
Virginia House of Burgesscreated by the Virginia Company
Proclamation of 1763British banned migration past the Appalachian Mtn.'s
Mayflower Compactcreated a democratic government for the Plymouth colony
Navigation Lawsset by the Navigation Acts, set up a closed trading system, restricted the goods colonists sould export & all good coming into colonies had to go through British port first
Horatio Gateswon American victory at the Battle of Saratoga
George Rogers Clarkwon victory at Vinncennes, secured land west of Appalachain Mts. for Americans
General Cornwallislost at the Battle of Yorktown
General LayfetteFrench commander & Washington's ally, French troops fought with Americans to defeat the British
Baron Von Steubenhelped train American troops
First clash of Revolutionary WarLexington/Concord
First major battle of Revolutionary WarBunker Hill
Battle of Yorktownlast battle of the Revolutionary War
Brandywin, Brooklyn HeightsBritish victories
Battle of Saratogaturning point of Revolutionary War
Articles of ConferderationFirst plan for government
Virginia PlanMost like our Constitution, had pres. courts & 2 house congress-both based on population
Federalist Papers85 essays written to explain the reason the Constitution was needed, authors; John Jay, Alexander Hamiliton & James Madison
The Great Compromisethe creation of a 2 house congress, Senate; 2 from every state, House of Representatives; based on population
3/5's Compromise5 slaves would count as 3 non-slaves when it came to voting matters, appeased southern states
Ordinance of 1785made a system for surveying & dividing territories
Northwest Ordinance of 1787made rules for how a territory became a state
US Constitutionbecame a law when ratified by 9 states, father of Constitution, James Madison
Election of 1796First contested election
War of 1812no winner, it was a draw, war between Great Britain and US
Manifest Destinythe idea that it was meant to be that the US extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Monroe DoctrinePresident Monroe's 1823 warning to European nations to stay out of North and South America
Cyrus McCormickinvented the mechanical reaper, harvested wheat in 3 hours
steamboatpossible to move easily up stream, canals built
railroadtranscontinental connected east to west coast, allowed for transport of people & goods
John CalhounUS Senator from S.C., defended slavery, believed in states rights & nullification
Henry ClayUS Senator from KY, created compromises
Daniel WebsterUS Senator from Massachussetts, wanted high tariffs to protect Northern industries, didn't believe in nullification
William Lloyd Garrisonabolitionists, editor of "The Liberator"
Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederacy
The Emancipation Proclamationissued by Lincoln, said all slaves were free in the Confederacy
Gettysburg AddressGiven by Lincoln, dedicates part of the battlefield as a cemetary
states rightsbelief that states should decide major issues for themselves w/o national governemnt interference
Dred Scott DecisionUS Supreme Court declared that it was unconstitutional to ban slavery anywhere in US & people of African descent could not be citizens
Battle of Gettysburgturning point of the Civil War, North's favor
nullificationthe idea that individual states had the right to declare a federal law illegal
WEB DuBoiswith others founded the NAACP
Alice Paulleader of the Suffragist Movement
Theodore "Teddy" Rooseveltconservationist, supported Progressive Movement, organized "Rough Riders" during Spanish American War
Upton Sinclairauthor of "The Jungle", described meat packing industry
Wovokabelieved the Ghost Dance would bring back all men & beast killed by the whites
Progressive Movementone of the most successful reform groups in our history, wanted to regulate big business, pass laws protecting workers & poor & reform state & town governments
Pure Food & Drug Act 1906stated contents must be labeled
Meat Inspection Act of 1906strict standards of cleanliness & system for inspecting meat
Wounded Kneeplace where Calvary surrounded Indian protesters protesting Sitting Bull's death- 300 Indians died or froze
suffrageright to vote
Temperance MovementAnti-saloon group wanted to ban alcohol
IsolationismUS policy after WWI, stay away from foreigh entanglements
League of NationsFirst attempt to settle disputes between nations peacefully, Pres. Wilson wanted US to join bur Senate voted against it
Roosevelt Corollaryexpansion of the Monroe Doctrine, said US had right to intervene in affairs of Latin America
Argonne Forestlast battle Americans fought in WWI, signaled German retreat
Panamal Canalshort cut from Atlantic to Pacific Oceans, opened 1914

Jennifer Bonser

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