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Chapter 1 Vocabulary - Part 1

Demonstrate your knowledge of the vocabulary terms and definitions from Discovering Computers, Chapter 1. Only terms from A to M are used for these exercises.

DataThe raw facts, including numbers, words, images, and sounds, given to a computer during the input operation, that is processed to produce information.
IconIn a graphical user interface, on screen pictures that represent an application software program where data is stored.
Application SoftwarePrograms that tell a computer how to produce information, and reside permanently in storage, such as a disk.
Input DevicesHardware used to enter data into a computer, such as a keyboard and a mouse.
Multimedia FormatFormat for presentation of information; combines text and graphics, and can include video and sound.
Hard Disk DriveSecondary storage device containing nonremovable disks.
Control UnitPart of the CPU that repeatedly executes the fetching, decoding, executing, and storing operations, called the machine cycle.
ModemCommunications device that converts digital signals of a computer to analog signals, and converts analog signals back into digital signals that can be used by a computer; used to connect computers over telephone lines.
InputThe process of entering data, programs, commands, and user responses into the memory of a computer. Input can also refer to the media that contain input data.
Computer ProgramThe detailed set of instructions that tells a computer what to do.
InternetWorldwide group of connected networks that allows the public access to information on thousands of subjects, gives users the ability to send messages, and obtain products and services.
CD-Rom DriveA storage device that uses low-powered laser light to read data from a removable optical disk, called a CD-ROM.
MotherboardA circuit board that contains most of the electronic components of the system unit; also called the system board.
Information LiteracyKnowing how to find, analyze, and use information.
Communications DevicesDevices that enable a computer to connect to other computers; includes modems, and network interface cards.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)A user interface that provides visual clues, such as symbols called icons, to help the user when entering data or running programs.
HardwareEquipment that inputs, processes, outputs, and stores data, consisting of input devices, a system unit, output devices, storage devices, and communications devices.
Floppy DiskSmall, removable disk storage consisting of a circular piece of thin mylar plastic coated with an oxide material that is recorded on. The plastic disk is enclosed in a rigid plastic shell for protection from debris
InformationData that has been processed by computer into a form that has meaning and is useful.
Information Processing CycleInput, process, output, and storage operations. Collectively, these operations describe the procedures that a computer performs to process data into information and store it for future use.

Mr. Gene Carboni

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