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genean instruction for a characteristic
chromosomemade up of many genes and found in the nucleus of every cell
Mitosissimple cell division that in occurs in all cells except sex cells
Meiosiscell division that produces gametes
46number of chromosomes in human body cells
23number of chromosomes in human gametes
allelespairs of genes
genotypepattern of alleles for traits
phenotypethe way a charactoristic actually apprears
heterozygousalleles are different
homozygousalleles are both the same
dominantan allele which is always expressed when present
recessivean allele which is only expressed when dominant is not present
DNAcomplex molecule of which genes are made of
gametessex cells
hereditypassing of traits from parents to offspring
asexual reproductionsimple cell division producing two identical cells
sexual reproductioncell division in which each gamete ends up with half of the parent's genetic information
Mendelbotanist famous for heredity studies
genetic traitsgenes (charactoristics) that are expressed in an organism

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