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World War II, 1939-1945

Learn the terms & names of Chapter 16 from McDougal Littell's Patterns of Interaction.

nonaggression pactan agreement in which nations promise not to attack one another
blitzkrieg"lighting war"--a form of warfare in which surprise attacks with fast-moving airplanes are followed by massive attacks with infantry forces
Battle of Britaina series of battles between German and British air forces, fought over Britain in 1940-1941
Atlantic Chartera declaration of principles issued in August 1941 by British prime minister Winston Churchhill and U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt, on which the Allied peace plan at the end of World War ll was based
Battle of Midway1941 sea and air battle of World War ll, in which the American forces defeated Japanese forces in the central Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanala 1942-1943 battle of World War ll, in which Allied troops drove Japanese forces from the Pacific island of Guadalcanal
Aryansto the Nazis, the Germanic peoples who formed a "master race."
Holocausta mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi goernment of Germany before and during World War ll
Kristallnacht"Night of Broken Glass"--the night of November 9, 1838, on which Nazi storm troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues throughout Germany
ghettoscity neighborhoods in which European Jews were forced to live
Final SolutionHitler's program of systematically killing the enitre Jewish people
genocidethe systematic killing of an entire people
Battle of Stalingrada 1942-1943 battle of World War ll, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union
D-DayJune 6, 1944--the day on which the Allies began their invasion of the European mainland during World War II.
Battle of the Bulgea 1944-1945 battle in which the Allies forces turned back the last major German offensive of World War ll.
kamikazeduring World War ll, Japanese suicide pilots trained to sink Allied ships by crashing bomb-filled planes into them
Nuremberg Trialsa series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War ll, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.
demilitarizationa reduction in a country's ability to wage war, achieved bydisbanding its armd forces & prohibiting it from acquiring weapons
Charles de GaulleLeader of the French government-in-exile
Winston ChurchillLeader of Britain
Isoroku YamamotoJapanese admiral who decided that the U.S. fleet in Hawaii had to be destroyed
Douglas MacArthurU.S. general who commanded Allied forces in the Pacific
Erwin RommelGerman general who led troops in North Africa
Bernard MontgomeryBritish general who drove the Germans out of Egypt

Phien Soundara

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