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HD ch 3 87?s (incomplete)

Human Diseases
r = are
dis = disease
ABNL = abnormal
inf = infection

AB
infection (1)a dis/process due to the growth of certain microorganisms
local (2)an infn of just 1 area
generalized(3) example:septicemia
trivial and self-limiting (4)example: the common cold
life-threatening (5)example:acute bacterial meningitis
uniformly lethal (6)example:AIDS
readily responsive to treatment (7)example: strep throat
essentially untreatable (8)example: rabies
pathogen (9)any organism that can induce disease thru infection
bacteria (10)plural of bacterium
bacterium (11)1-celled organism on borderline b/n animals&plants
fungi (12)simple microscopic mold- or yeast-like organisms
yeast-causing thrush is a fungus, true or false? (13)true
parasites (14)members of the animal kingdom,nourished from human body
infestation (15)a parasitic infn
viruses (16)fragments of genetic material,can't live independently
inflammation (17)reaction whereby living tissue responds to injury in the broad sense
suppuration (18)the process of pus formation
pus (19)mix of WBCs,dead tissue,killed /inactivated pathogens
abscess (20)local accumulation of pus, surrounded by a wall of inflamed tissue
toxin (21)a chemical substance produced by pathogenic organisms,harms the host
cellulitis (22)an infection,wide infiltration of tissues by pathogens
airborne (23)infns that can be spread thru the air
bloodborne (24)infections spread by blood transfusions,etc.
carrier (25)a person who has recovered from a communicable dis but can still transmit it
communicable dis (26)an infn that can be transmitted from 1 person to another
congenital (27)Infs acquired before/at birth
contagious (28)transmitted by close exposure
droplet spread (29)transmission by fine mists of respiratory secretions expelled into the air
epidemiology (30)patterns of disease causation&spread
fecal-oral route (31)the route by which some intestinal & other pathogens r transmitted
fomite (32)any inanimate object that can be the means by which pathogens are transmitted
host (33)a living organism on/in which another organism lives
infectious dis (34)any dis caused by infn
period of communicability (35)the length of time during which an infd person can transmit a dis
STD stands for (36)sexually transmitted dis
sexually transmitted dis (37)an infn transmitted thru sexual activity
transmissible (38)able to be spread from person to person
tropical dis (39)inf/infestation that occurs mostly/only in the tropics
vector (40)any living organism that transmits pathogens from an infd person to a healthy person
VD stands for (41)venereal dis
venereal dis (42)sexually transmitted dis
virulence of a pathogen (43)its innate capacity to harm
mode of exposure (44)inhalation,ingestion,introduction into the bloodstream
dose (45)100 organisms or 100 billion
host resistance (46)the whole gamut of a living body's defenses
immunity (47)a biological response of a living body to invading microorganisms/other noxious materials
incubation period (48)the interval b/n invasion by microorganisms & 1st appearance of Sx's
hematogenous route(49)thru the bloodstream
lymphatic (50)channels thru lymph nodes&glands
bacteremia (51)presence of bacteria in blood
toxemia (52)presence of toxins in blood
septicemia (53)lots of virulent organisms & other toxins in blood
cellular immunity (54)WBCs in immunity
humoral immunity (55)antibodies in immunity
antibody (56)a complex protein, inactivates/destructs a target organism
Gram stain (57)highlights strucural features of bacteria
Gram-positive organisms (58)take up crystal violet stain in the presence of iodide
Gram-negative organisms (59)do not take up crystal violet in the presence of iodide
counterstain (60)a stain in a contrasting color
acid-fast stain is used to identify _ (61)mycobacteria
mycobacteria cause _& _ (62)tuberculosis & leprosy
viruses cannot be viewed by _ microscopy (63)light
viruses can be viewed by _ microscopy (64)electron
principle method of identifying viral infection is by electron microscopy,true/false? (65)false
culture (66)a colony of microorganisms grown in a lab
medium (67)a mixture of nutrients,favors growth of certain organisms
inoculated (68)a culture medium into which microorganisms are introduced is said to be _.
incubation (69)growth of organisms in a culture medium
immunology (serology) (70)examining blood serum/other specimens 4 evidence of antibody to specific inf'ous organisms
selective toxicity (71)antimicrobial agents must be able to combat inf'ous organisms w/o harming host
disinfectants(72)example: a preop scrub
systemic (mode of administration) (73)by mouth/injection
all natural antibiotics are produced by _ (74)molds
sulfonamides (75)chemicals produced in a lab that work much like certain antibiotics
spectrum is the range of organisms against which an (76)antibiotic can be used
cross-resistance (77)drugs chemically related to the 1st antibiotic may be ineffective due to this
toxicity example (78)when streptomycin & related drugs harm the 8th pair of cranial nerves
allergy (79)an acquired hypersensitivity to a drug
interferons (80)by viral &othertypes of inf
antitoxins (81)antibodies directed against organisms that make them
EBV stands for (82)Epstein-Barr virus
EBV (83)a member of the herpes-virus family
heterophile antibodies (84)antibodies that are nonspecific & nonprotective against further attacks of illness
synonyms of the phrase "atypical lymphocytes" (85)reactive lymphocytes & virocytes
Lyme Disease (86)acute &chronic infectious disease,affects skin,nervous system,joints
synonym of Lyme Disease (87)Lyme Borreliosis


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