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Grammar Gremlin

Definitions for the parts of speech

AB
NounNames a person, place, or thing.
VerbExpresses action or helps to make a statement.
PrepositionRelates a noun or a pronoun to another word.
AdjectiveModifies a noun or pronoun.
AdverbModifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
PronounTake the place of a noun
ConjunctionJoins words or groups of words.
InterjectionShows strong feeling.
SubjectPart of a sentence about which something is being said.
Simple SubjectThe main word in the complete subject.
PredicatePart of the sentence that says something about the subject.
Simple PredicateThe main word in the complete predicate or verb.
Direct ObjectReceives the action of a verb and answers the question What? or Whom? after an action verb.
Indirect ObjectWord that comes after the verb and before the direct object that tells to whom or what or for whom or what the action of the verb is done.
Predicate NominativeA noun following a linking verb that explains or renames the subject.
Predicate AdjectiveAn adjective that follow a linking verb that modifies the subject.
Prepositional PhraseA phrase that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. It can be used as an adjective or adverb.
ParticipleA verb form that can be used as an adjective.
Participial PhraseA group of related words that contains a participle and acts as an adjective.
InfinitiveA verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
Infinitive PhraseA group of related words that contains an infinitive and functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
ClauseA group of words that contains a verb and its subject and is used as PART of a sentence.
Independent (main)ClauseExpresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.
Dependent (subordinate) ClauseDoes not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence.
Adjective ClauseA subordinate clause that is used as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun.
Adverb ClauseA subordinate clause that is used as an adverb.
Relative PronounA special type of pronoun that usually introduces an adjective clause and refers to the noun or pronoun that the clause modifies.
Subordinating ConjunctionA conjunction that introduces an adverb clause.
Simple SentenceA sentence that contains one main clause.
Compound SentenceA sentence that contains two main clauses.
Complex SentenceA sentence that contains one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.


Patricia D. Handley

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