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Grade 5 ENVS Chapter 2 Terms & Roots

BiogeographyThe study of where organisms live.
BiomeA group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms.
CanopyA leafy roof formed by tall trees.
ClimateThe typical weather pattern in an area over a long period of time.
CondensationThe process by which a gas turns into a liquid, usually by cooling (getting thicker together).
Continental DriftThe very slow motion of the continents over geologic time.
Deciduous TreesTrees that lose their leaves in the fall to conserve stored energy through the winter.
DispersalThe movement of organisms from one place to another (not an annual pattern).
EvaporationThe process by which molecules of a liquid absorbs energy (gets warmer) and turns into a gas.
Exotic SpeciesSpecies that are carried to a new location by people.
LichensA small pioneer organism (fungi + bacteria or algaea) that breaks down bare rocks to make soil for other plants.
Native SpeciesSpecies that have naturally evolved in an area.
Pioneer SpeciesThe first species to populate a new area, or an area after a disturbance.
PrecipitationRain, snow sleet or hail.
Primary SuccessionThe changes that occur in an area where no ecosystem had existed.
Secondary SuccessionThe changes that occur in an area after a disturbance.
SuccessionThe series of predictable changes that occur in a community over time.
Water CycleThe continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back, again and again.
AdaptationAny structure or behavior that helps a living thing meet its needs for survival.
CamouflageAny coloring shape or pattern that allows a living thing to blend (hide) into its surroundings.
EndangeredA population that is falling low in numbers, and is in danger of becoming extinct.
ExtinctA species that is no longer existing.
FossilAny mark or remains of a plant or animal that lived a long time ago.
HibernationA long deep sleep in which an animals heart rate and breathing are much slower than normal.
HostA plant or animal that is harmed by another living thing (parasite) living off of it.
MigrationThe movement of an animal from one location to another location as the seasons change.
ParasiteA plant or animal that feeds off of another living thing and harms it.
PollutionAnything harmful added to the air, land or water.
RecycleTo use the same materials over and over again.
SymbiosisA special way that two different kinds of living things live together.
Carbon dioxideA gas found in air that is used by plants to make food.
CarnivoreA consumer (animal) that eats other consumers (meat).
ChlorophyllThe green substance found in plants that traps energy from the sun and gives plants their green color.
ConsumerA living thing that gets energy by eating plants and other animals.
ContextThe parts directly before or after a word or sentence that influence its meaning.
DecomposerA consumer that put materials from dead plants and animals back into the soil, air, and water.
EcosystemAll of the living and non-living things in an environment (area) and how they interact.
Food ChainThe flow of energy through a community. A line of organisms that are consumed by the next organism that shows how the energy is passed.
Food WebAll of the food chains in a community.
HabitatA place where an animal or plant lives.
HerbivoreA consumer (animal) that eats plants.
OmnivoreA consumer (animal) that eats both plants and other consumers.
PhotosynthesisA process by which plants change light energy from the sun and use it to make energy.
PredatorsAn animal that hunts and kills other animals for food.
PreyThe animals that predators hunt.
ProducerA living organism that uses sunlight to make sugar (food).
ScavengerAn animal that eats dead animals.
ateto (do)
carniflesh, meat
cyclecircle, wheel
-erone who ___(does)__
fossa ditch or trench
fossildug up
herbigrass, plants
sis / tionthe act of
syn / symtogether, with
tion / sisthe act of
voreeat, devour
geoEarth, rock
con / comtogether, with
thesisan arranging
ologythe study of
graphywriting, write
-ic / -idA condition of (being )

4-6 Science Teacher
Montgomery School
Chester Springs, PA

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