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Chapter 15 - Urology

Symptomatic and Diagnostic Terms

albuminuriapresence of albumin in the urine; occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise
proteinuriapresence of albumin in the urine
anuresisno output of urine
anuriano output of urine
bacteriuriapresence of bacteria in the urine
dysuriapainful urination
enuresisto void urine; involuntary discharge of urine, most often refers to a lack of bladder control
nocturnal enuresisbed wetting during sleep
hematuriapresence of blood in the urine
incontinenceinvoluntary discharge of urine, feces, or semen
stress incontinenceinvoluntary discharge of urine at the time of cough, sneeze, and/or strained exercise
ketonuriapresence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketone bodiesacetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid are products of metabolish that appear in the urine as a result of an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates; seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation
nocturiaurination at night
oliguriascanty production of urine
pyuriapresence of white cells in the urine, usually indicating infection
glomerulonephritisform of nephritis involving the glomerulus
hydronephrosisdilation and pooling of urine in the renal pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys caused by an obstruction in the outflow of urine
nephritisinflammation of the kidney
pyelonephritisinflammation of the renal pelvis
nephrosisdegenerative disease of the renal tubules
nephrolithiasispresence of a renal stone or stones
cystitisinflammation of the bladder
urethritisinflammation of the urethra
urethrocystitisinflammation of the urethra and bladder
urethral stenosisnarrowed condition of the urethra
UTIinvasion of pathogenic organisms (commonly bacteria) in the structures of the urinary tract.
uremiaexcess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure
azotemiaexcess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure


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