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Medical Terminology/Acronyms

Learn the meanings of some of the commonly used Acronyms

AB
A&Pauscultation and percussion
BPblood pressure
CCEclubbing, cyanosis, and edema
CNScentral nervous system
CVAcostovertebral angle or cerebrovascular accident
DTRdeep tendon reflexes
EOMIextraocular muscles/movements intact
GEgastroesophageal or gastroenterology
GUgenitourinary
HEENT-head, eyes, ears, nose and throat
JVDjugular venous distention
JVPjugular venous pressure
NADno acute distress
NCATnormocephalic, atraumatic
O.D.right eye
O.S.left eye
PERRLApupils are equal round, reactive to light and accomadation
PMIpoint of maximal impulse
REMrapid eye movements
ROMrange of motion or rupture of membranes
ABGarterial blood gas
TMtypanic membrane
BUNblood urea nitrogen
CBCcomplete blood count
CO2carbon dioxide
C&Sculture and sensitivity
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
H&Hhemoglobin and hemocrit
HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus
LFTliver function test
LPlumbar puncture
O&Pova and parasites
PFTpulmonary function test
PTprothrombin time
PTTpartial prothrombin time
RBCred blood cell
TBtuberculosis
UAurinalysis
WBCwhite blood cell
AAAabdominal aortic aneurysm
AIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome
ALLacute lymphocytic/lymphoblastic leukemia
ARDSadult respiratory distress syndrome
BPHbenign prostatic hypertrophy
CAcancer or carcinoma
CFcystic fibrosis
CHFcongestive heart failure
CMVcytomegalovirus
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
DISHdiffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
DJDdegenerative joint disease
DMdiabetes mellitus
DVTdeep venous thrombosis
FCDfibrocystic disease
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease
HMDhyaline membrane disease
HNPherniated nucleus pulposus
IDDMinsulin-dependant diabetes mellitus
ILDinterstitial lung disease
MSmultiple sclerosis
PTSDpost-traumatic stress disorder
RSDreflux sympathetic dystrophy
RSVrespiratory syncytial virus
SIDSsudden infant death syndrome
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus
TIAtransient ischemic attack
URIupper respiratory infection
UTIurinary tract infection
AKAabove knee amputation
BKAbelow knee amputation
CTRcarpal tunnel release
EBLestimated blood loss
EGDesophagealgastroduodenoscopy
ETendotracheal
I&Dincision and drainage
IJinternal jugular
IMintramuscular
IVintravenous
laplaparotomy
LRlactated Ringer's
K-wireKirschner's wire
NGnasogastric
ORIFopen reduction, internal fixation
SGSwanz-Ganz
T&Atonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
THAtotal hip arthroplasty
TKAtotal knee arthroplasty
TURB (T)-transurethral resection of the bladder (tumor)
TURPtransurethral resection of the prostate
APanteroprosterior
PAposteroanterior
BEbarium enema
CTcomputed tomograghy
EEGelectroencephalogram
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram
GIgastrointestinal
HIDAhepato-iminodiacetic acid
IVPintravenouse pyelogram
KUBkidneys, ureters, and bladder
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
MUGAmultiple gated acqusition
OCGoral cholecystogram
VCUGvoiding cystourethrogram
ERemergency room
CCUcoronary care unit
ICUintensive care unit
NICUneonatal intensive care unit
ORoperating room
PICUpediatric intensive care unit
ENTear, nose and throat
GYNgynecology
OBobstetrics
OToccupational therapy
PTphysical therapy
A-fibatrial fibrillation
AVatrioventricular
CABG-coronary artery bypass grafting
ECG/EKGelectrocardiogram
EFefection fraction
IVCinferior vena cava
LADleft anterior descending
LAOleft anterior oblique
LCAleft coronary artery or left circumflex artery
LIMAleft internal mammery artery
LVleft ventricle
MImyocardial infarction
OMBobtuse marginal branch
PTCApercutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVCposterior vena cava
RADright anterior descending
RAOright anterior oblique
RCAright coronary artery
SVAsuperior vena cava
V-tachventricular tachycardia
ACabdominal circumference or acromioclavicular
BPDbiparietal diameter
EFWestimated fetal weight
FLfemur length
HChead circumference
AB or ababortion
Ggravida or number of pregnancies
Ppara or number of living children
SABspontaneous abortion
TABtherapeutic abortion
C-sectioncesarean section
CPDcephalopelvic disproportion
EDCestimated date of confinement
EGAestimated gestational age
IUGRintauterine growth retardation
LGAlarge for gestational age
LMPlast menstrual period
MSAFPmaternal serum alpha fetoprotein
NSVDnormal spontaneous vaginal delivery
VBACvaginal delivery after cesarean
BSObilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
D&Cdilatation and cutterage
PIDpelvic inflammatory disease
TAHtotal abdominal hysterectomy
TVHtotal vaginal hysterectomy
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
C-spinecervical spine
CMCcarpometacarpal
DIPdistal interphalangeal (joint)
IPinterphalangeal
ITiliotibial
L-spinelumbar spine
LSlumbosacral
MCPmetacarpophalangeal
MTPmetatarsophalangeal
PCLposterior cruciate ligament
PIPproximal interphalangeal
SIsacroiliac
T-spinethoracic spine
TMJtempromandibular joint
ADAAmerican Diabetes Association
ADLactivities of daily living
AMAagainst medical advice
AVMarteriovenus malformation
CPRcardiopulmonary resusitation
DCdischarge or discontinue
DNRDO NOT RESUSITATE
DTdelirum tremens
H&Phistory and physical
HPIhistory of present illness
DOBdate of birth
IACinternal auditory canal
LLLleft lower lobe
LOCloss of consciousness
MDImetered dose inhaler
NKDAno known drug allergies
NPOnothing by mouth
PNDparoxymal nocturnal dyspnea
subq-subcutaneous
SOBshortness of breath
TPNtotal parenteral nutrition


Tish Cummings

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