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Frog Functions

Review the different body parts of the frog and their functions

mouthtraps insects to be eaten
tonguecatches the insect and brings it back into the mouth
esophaguspassageway for good, from the mouth to the stomach
glottisopening to the lungs
internal naresfrog can breath through these with it's mouth closed, can be opened or closed with sphincter muscles
external naresexternal nostril opening
eustachian tubesopening to the typanum (eardrum)
typanum (tympanic membrane or eardrum)serves to equalize pressure within
vocal sacsonly in males, can be inflated with air to make the mating call
maxillary teethrow of teeth along the outer border of the upper jaw, hold food and grip tightly
maxillaupper jaw
vomerine teethlocated between the internal nares, serve to prevent the escape of prey
floor of the orbitseye sockets
alimentary canalfood tube
digestive glandsproduce secretions that aid in the breaking up of food
coelombody cavity
ventral abdominal veinmain vein, carries blood to the heart
abdominal musculaturemuscles covering organs
pertoral girdlecollar bone, holds body erect
ovary-eggsholds eggs, reproduction
peritoneumlines the inner walls of the body cavity, covers the visceral organs
esophagustube from mouth to stomach
stomachfood storage organ, the first major site of chemical digestion
rugaefolds, helpin churning the food and mixing it with the stomach's gastric juices
pyloric sphincter valveregulates the exit of partially digested food from the stomach
pyloric regionlower region of the stomach
small intestinemost vital of all digestive organs
duodenumfirst portion of small intestine
jejunumsecond portion of small intestine
iliemlower portion of the small intestine
mesenterymembrane that holds the coils together
large intestineaids in digestion
rectumcontrols the elimination of waste
cloacacommon receptacle for the wastes of the rectum
liversecrets bile needed for the digestion of fats
gallbladderstorage area for bile
pancreassecrets insulin, pancreatic juice, and digestive enzymes
spleenfunctions as a reservoir for blood
mesogastriumattaches the stomach, duodenum, and the liver to the dorsal body wall
hapato-gastro-duodenal ligamentconnects the liver, stomach, and duodenum
fat bodiesreserve food supply during hibernation and breeding
lungsaid in supplying oxygen to the body
heartpumps blood and nutrients through the body
kidneysfilter out impurities from the body
urinary bladderaids in eliminating waste
adrenal glandssecrete adrenal horomone
ovaductshold eggs

Emily Archer

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