Other Powers Expressed in Article I, Section 8
Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution expressly names the following as powers held by Congress:
- Congress can borrow money to pay for actions taken by the federal government.
- Congress has the power to impose rules and laws for the regulation of trade with foreign nations.
- Congress has the power to impose rules and laws for the regulation of interstate commerce.
- Congress has the power to impose rules and laws for the regulation of trade with Indian tribes.
- Congress has the ability to implement criteria for becoming a citizen of the United States.
- Congress is in charge of coining and regulating currency.
- Congress can regulate the foreign exchange of currency.
- Congress is in charge of the standards for weights and measures used by various industries throughout the country.
- Congress has the power to punish people who print counterfeit money.
- Congress establishes post offices.
- Congress should promote the arts and sciences “by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”
- Congress can conduct tribunals for matters beneath the Supreme Court.
- Congress can punish pirates. Yes, the seafaring kind.
- This isn’t a common duty anymore, but Congress can grant letters of marque, deputizing privateers to commit piracy for the federal government.
- Congress can declare war. If a sitting president wants to declare war on a foreign enemy, he must receive the express permission of Congress to do so.
- Congress can raise and provide money to furnish the various branches of the military, expressly the Army and the Navy. Congress also has to make rules and laws that govern those military bodies.
- Congress has the power to “suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions” by summoning a militia. Of course, Congress can prescribe how that militia is trained and prepared as well.
- Congress has ruling power over the District of Columbia.